Fungal endophytes from the three-leaved caper, Crataeva magna (Lour.) DC. (Capparidaceae)
Received: 07 July 2004 Accepted: 20 October 2004 DOI:
Cite this article as: Nalini, M.S., Mahesh, B., Tejesvi, M.V. et al. Mycopathologia (2005) 159: 245. doi:10.1007/s11046-004-5497-y Abstract
Fungal endophytes were isolated from
Crataeva magna, a medicinal plant growing along the streams and rivers, constituting riparian vegetation in Karnataka, southern India. Fresh bark and twig pieces were used for the isolation using standard methods. Ninety-six endophytic fungal isolates were isolated from 800 bark and twig segments. Mitosporic fungi represented as a major group (85%) followed by zygomycetes (10%) and ascomycetes (5%). Bark samples contained more endophytes than twig samples. Verticillium, Nigrospora oryzae and Fusarium verticilloides were the dominant fungal endophytes. Keywords bark Crataeva magna fungal endophytes medicinal plants twig References Bacon, CW, White, JF, Jr 1994Biotechnology of Endophytic Fungi of Grasses CRC Press Boca Raton Google Scholar Benniamin, A, Manickam, VS, Johnson, M, Joseph, LH 2004 Micropropagation of Crataeva magna (Lour.) DC.- a medicinal plant Ind J Biotechnol 3 136 138 Google Scholar Bettuci, L, Alonso, R, Tiscornia, S 1999 Endophytic fungal mycobiota of healthy twigs and the assemblage of species associated with twig lesions of Eucalyptus globulus and E. grandis in Uruguay Mycol Res 103 468 472 Google Scholar Brown, KB, Hyde, KD, Guest, DI 1998 Preliminary studies on endophytic fungal communities of Musa acuminata species complex in Hong Kong and Australia Fungal Div 1 27 51 Google Scholar Bills, GF, Polishook, JD 1991 Micro fungi from Carpinus caroliniana Can J Bot 69 1477 1482 Google Scholar Clay, K 1993 The ecology and evolution of endophytes Agric Ecosyst Environ 44 59 64 Google Scholar Frolich, J, Hyde, KD, Petrini, O 1993 Endophytic fungi associated with palms Mycol Res 104 1202 1212 Google Scholar Hirsch, G, Braun, U 1992 Communities of parasitic micro fungi Wintehroff, W. eds. Handbook of Vegetation Science Kluwer Academics Dordrecht 225 250 Google Scholar Kumaresan, V, Suryanarayanan, TS 2001 Occurrence and distribution of endophytic fungi in a mangrove community Mycol Res 105 1388 1391 Google Scholar Maria, GL, Sridhar, KR 2003 Endophytic fungal assemblage of two halophytes from west coast mangrove habitats, India Czech Mycol 55 241 251 Google Scholar Petrini, O 1986 Taxonomy of endophytic fungi in aerial plant tissues Fokkoema, NJ Van den Huevel, J eds. Microbiology of the Phyllosphere University Press Cambridge 175 187 Google Scholar Rodrigues, KF 1994 The foliar endophytes of the Amazonian palm Euterpe oleracea Mycologia 86 376 385 Google Scholar Raj, N 1993Coelomycetous anamorphs with appendage bearing conidia Edwards Brothers Ann Arbor, Michigan Google Scholar Rodrigues, KF, Petrini, O 1997 Biodiversity of endophytic fungi in tropical regions Hyde, KD eds. Biodiversity of Tropical Micro Fungi Hong Kong University Press Hong Kong 57 69 Google Scholar Schulz, B, Wanke, U, Draeger, S, Aust, HJ 1993 Endophytes from herbaceous plants and shrubs: effectiveness of surface sterilization methods Mycol Res 97 1447 1450 Google Scholar Southcott, KA, Johnson, JA 1997 Isolation of endophytes from two species of palm from Bermuda Can J Microbiol 43 789 792 Google Scholar Stierle, A, Strobel, GA, Stierle, D 1997 Taxol and Taxane production by Taxomyces andreanae, an endophytic fungus of Pacific yew Science 260 214 Google Scholar Stone, JK, Bacon, CW, White, JF, Jr 2000 An overview of endophytic microbes: endophytism defined Bacon, CW White, JF, eds. Microbial Endophytes Jr Marcel Dekker New York 3 29 Google Scholar Suryanarayanan, TS, Kumaresan, V, Johnson, JA 1998 Foliar endophytes from two species of the mangrove Rhizophora Can J Microbiol 44 1003 1006 Google Scholar
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