Earth, Moon, and Planets

, Volume 99, Issue 1, pp 229–240

A Geoneutrino Experiment at Homestake

Authors

    • Institute for Nuclear and Particle Astrophysics and Nuclear Science DivisionLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • Y. -D. Chan
    • Institute for Nuclear and Particle Astrophysics and Nuclear Science DivisionLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • C. A. Currat
    • Institute for Nuclear and Particle Astrophysics and Nuclear Science DivisionLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • B. K. Fujikawa
    • Institute for Nuclear and Particle Astrophysics and Nuclear Science DivisionLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • R. Henning
    • Institute for Nuclear and Particle Astrophysics and Nuclear Science DivisionLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • K. T. Lesko
    • Institute for Nuclear and Particle Astrophysics and Nuclear Science DivisionLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • A. W. P. Poon
    • Institute for Nuclear and Particle Astrophysics and Nuclear Science DivisionLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • M. P. Decowski
    • Physics DepartmentUniversity of California
  • J. Wang
    • Earth Sciences DivisionLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • K. Tolich
    • Department of PhysicsStanford University
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11038-006-9112-8

Cite this article as:
Tolich, N., Chan, Y.-., Currat, C.A. et al. Earth Moon Planet (2006) 99: 229. doi:10.1007/s11038-006-9112-8

Abstract

A significant fraction of the 44TW of heat dissipation from the Earth’s interior is believed to originate from the decays of terrestrial uranium and thorium. The only estimates of this radiogenic heat, which is the driving force for mantle convection, come from Earth models based on meteorites, and have large systematic errors. The detection of electron antineutrinos produced by these uranium and thorium decays would allow a more direct measure of the total uranium and thorium content, and hence radiogenic heat production in the Earth. We discuss the prospect of building an electron antineutrino detector approximately 700 m3 in size in the Homestake mine at the 4850’ level. This would allow us to make a measurement of the total uranium and thorium content with a statistical error less than the systematic error from our current knowledge of neutrino oscillation parameters. It would also allow us to test the hypothesis of a naturally occurring nuclear reactor at the center of the Earth.

Keywords

GeoneutrinoElectron antineutrinoGeoreactorHomestake mine

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006