MiR-200a is involved in proliferation and apoptosis in the human endometrial adenocarcinoma cell line HEC-1B by targeting the tumor suppressor PTEN
Abnormal cell proliferation is a main driver of tumor formation and development, which involves the deletion, mutation, and downregulation of tumor suppressor genes. One study recently demonstrated that miR-200a plays an oncogenic role by inhibiting phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN) expression. In the human endometrial adenocarcinoma cell line HEC-1B, suppression of miR-200a expression inhibited cell proliferation and promoted apoptosis, whereas its over-expression had no effect on proliferation and apoptosis. Furthermore, inhibition or over-expression of miR-200a increased or reduced the expression of PTEN, respectively, with no change in PTEN mRNA levels. These effects were achieved by directly targeting miR-200a to the 3′ untranslated region of the PTEN mRNA to inhibit its translation. Taken together, we propose that in HEC-1B cells, miR-200a functions as an oncogene, affecting proliferation and apoptosis by regulating the expression of the tumor suppressor PTEN at the translational level.