, Volume 41, Issue 3, pp 1763-1770
Date: 18 Jan 2014

Polymorphisms of VEGF, TGFβ1, TGFβR2 and conotruncal heart defects in a Chinese population

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Genetic variants may determine susceptibility of congenital heart disease (CHD). To evaluate the impact of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGFβ1), TGFβ receptor II (TGFβR2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) polymorphisms on conotruncal heart defects susceptibility, we genotyped six functional polymorphisms TGFβ1 rs1800469 C>T, TGFβR2 rs3087465 G>A, VEGF −2578C>A, −1498T>C, −634G>C and +936C>T in a hospital based case–control study of 244 conotruncal heart defects cases and 136 non-CHD controls in a Chinese population. Logistic regression analyses revealed that if the TGFβ1 rs1800469 CC homozygote genotype was used as the reference group, subjects carrying the CT variant heterozygote had a significant 0.48-fold decreased risk of conotruncal heart defects [odds ratio (OR) = 0.52; 95 % confidence interval (CI) = 0.30–0.88], subjects carrying the TT variant homozygote had a significant 0.47-fold decreased risk of conotruncal heart defects (OR 0.53; 95 % CI 0.28–1.00). In stratification analyses, the TGFβ1 rs1800469 C>T genotype was associated with a decreased risk for tetralogy of fallot in homozygote comparisons (OR 0.47; 95 % CI 0.22–0.99), a decreased risk for transposition of great artery in the dominant genetic model (OR 0.49; 95 % CI 0.28–0.87) and heterozygote comparisons (OR 0.45; 95 % CI 0.24–0.83). Our findings suggest that TGFβ1 rs1800469 C>T polymorphism was significantly associated with decreased risk of conotruncal heart defects. TGFβR2 rs3087465 G>A, VEGF −2578C>A, −1498T>C, −634G>C and +936C>T polymorphisms may not play a role in the susceptibility of conotruncal heart defects.