Molecular Biology Reports

, Volume 40, Issue 5, pp 3591–3596

Slow N-acetyltransferase 2 genotype contributes to anti-tuberculosis drug-induced hepatotoxicity: a meta-analysis

Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11033-012-2433-y

Cite this article as:
Du, H., Chen, X., Fang, Y. et al. Mol Biol Rep (2013) 40: 3591. doi:10.1007/s11033-012-2433-y

Abstract

Pathogenesis and genetic factors influencing predisposition to antituberculosis drug-induced hepatotoxicity (ATDH) are not clear. Polymorphism at the genetic locus of a drug and xenobiotic compound metabolizing enzyme, N-acetyltransferase type 2 (NAT2), is reported to be associated with the excess generation of toxic reactive metabolites. To date, many case–control studies have been carried out to investigate the relationship between the NAT2 polymorphisms and ATDH, but the results have been inconsistent. To investigate this inconsistency, a meta-analysis was performed. Databases including PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE and CNKI were searched to find relevant studies. A total of 26 case–control studies, involving 1,198 cases and 2,921 controls were included. Overall, we found significant association between slow acetylator genotype of NAT2 and ATDH (OR = 3.10, 95 % CI: 2.47–3.88, P < 10−5). Significant results were also found in East Asians, South Asians, Brazilians and Middle Eastern when stratified by ethnicity. However, no significant associations were found for Caucasians. This meta-analysis demonstrated that the slow acetylator genotype of NAT2 is a risk factor associated with increased ATDH susceptibility, but these associations vary in different ethnic populations.

Keywords

NAT2 Anti-tuberculosis drug Hepatotoxicity Polymorphism Meta-analysis 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PulmonologyGeneral Hospital of Guangzhou Military CommandGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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