, Volume 39, Issue 9, pp 8793-8802
Date: 01 Jul 2012

Biomimetic synthesis and characterization of cobalt nanoparticles using apoferritin, and investigation of direct electron transfer of Co(NPs)–ferritin at modified glassy carbon electrode to design a novel nanobiosensor

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Abstract

Oxyhydroxy cobalt CoO(OH) nanoparticles (Co-NPs) were prepared in horse spleen apoferritin (HsAFr) cavity. Transmission electron microscopy revealed the particle size was 5.5–6 nm. Mineralization effect on HsAFr was investigated by fluorescence and far-UV circular dichroism (far-UV CD) spectroscopies. The far-UV CD experiments indicated an increase in the α-helical content after mineralization. Intrinsic fluorescence data showed that mineralization acts as a quencher of HsAFr. For the first time, direct electron transfer between Co(NPs)–HsAFr and a glassy carbon electrode in the thin film of dihexadecylphosphate (DHP) was investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV) to design a biosensor. The anionic surfactant DHP was used to achieve direct electron-transfer between Co(NPs)–HsAFr molecules and the GC electrode surface. CV result showed clearly a pair of well-defined and quasi-reversible redox peaks arise from Co(NPs)–HsAFr embedded in DHP film. This novel biosensor can be used in medical and industrial fields to detect different analytes.