Heterogeneous genetic associations of nucleotide sequence variants with bone mineral density by gender
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- Woo, J., Kim, Y. & Lee, C. Mol Biol Rep (2012) 39: 2259. doi:10.1007/s11033-011-0975-z
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We examined genetic associations of previously identified sequence variants with bone mineral density and their heterogeneity by gender. Large-scale cohort data were used including a total of 8,419 subjects (4,034 males and 4,385 females) from the Korean Association REsource (KARE) cohort. Bone speed of sound (SOS) values were measured at distal radius or mid-shaft tibia by quantitative ultrasound. Genotypic associations of SOS were tested with each of nucleotide sequence variants identified by previous studies. The genetic association analysis revealed that 2 out of 11 nucleotide sequence variants were associated with SOS (rs1721400, rs7776725, P < 7.58 × 10−4). Further analysis with partitioning data by gender showed that the mid-shaft tibia phenotypes were associated with the rs1721400 and rs7776725 in females (P < 3.79 × 10−4), but not in males (P > 3.79 × 10−4). The current study suggested female-specific associations of rs1721400 and rs7776725 with bone mineral density and heterogeneity of genetic association by skeletal site measured for bone mineral density.