, Volume 39, Issue 2, pp 1217-1223
Date: 20 May 2011

The prevalence of molecular and immunologic infective markers of hepatitis viruses in patients with hematological malignancies

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Acute and chronic viral hepatitis infections are corresponding to increase the risk of different types of hematological malignancies especially with leukemia. In this study the serological and molecular markers of hepatitis viruses were evaluated in patients with different types of leukemia in comparing with control group. In this cross sectional study, 100 EDTA-treated blood samples were collected from leukemia patients and also from healthy control group, respectively. Serological and molecular markers of HBV, HCV and HDV viruses were analyzed for determination of the role of these hepatitis viruses in clinical outcomes of leukemia disorders. Increasing risk factors of leukemia were evaluated statistically in two studied groups by SPSS software. One of molecular and immunological markers of HBV, HDV and HCV was found in 24 of 100 (24%), 22 of 100 (22%), and 1 of 100 (1%) patients with leukemia and in 12 of 100 (12%), 6 of 100 (6%), and 2 of 100 (2%) control patients. Significant differences were detected in detection of HBsAg (P = 0.02), HBeAb (P = 0.009), and HCV-RNA (P = 0.05) between leukemia patients and control group, respectively. The high prevalence of HBV and HCV infective markers were detected in ALL and AML patients. Identification of high prevalence of HBV and HCV infective markers in leukemia patients proposed strong association between hepatitis viral infections and leukemia. Therefore, evaluation of the prevalence of viral hepatitis infections in larger groups of patients with long lasting follow up is suggesting.