, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp 2133-2140
Date: 21 Sep 2010

Pattern of expression of the CREG gene and CREG protein in the mouse embryo

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The cellular repressor of E1A-stimulated genes (CREG) is a secreted glycoprotein that inhibits cell proliferation and/or enhances differentiation. CREG is widely expressed in adult tissues such as the brain, heart, lungs, liver, intestines and kidneys in mice. We investigated the level of CREG expression during mouse embryogenesis and its distribution at 18.5 days post coitus (dpc) using immunohistochemical staining with diaminobenzidine, western blotting and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. CREG expression was first detected in mouse embryos at 4.5 dpc. It was expressed at almost all stages up to 18.5 dpc. The level of CREG was found to increase gradually and was highest at 18.5 dpc. Western blotting showed that the CREG protein was expressed at higher levels in the brain, heart, intestines and kidneys than in the lungs and liver at 18.5 dpc. In 9.5 dpc embryos, CREG was expressed only in the endothelial cells of blood vessels, after the vascular lumen had formed. With advanced differentiation, vascular smooth muscle cells developed in the embryonic vascular structures; the expression of smooth muscle α-actin protein and CREG were positive and increased gradually in 10.5 dpc embryonic vessels. CREG expression in the embryonic blood vessels peaked at 15.5 dpc and was reduced slightly at 18.5 dpc. These results indicate that CREG is expressed during mouse embryogenesis and might participate in the differentiation of these organs during embryogenesis.