The porcine TBC1D1 gene: mapping, SNP identification, and association study with meat, carcass and production traits in Italian heavy pigs
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- Fontanesi, L., Colombo, M., Tognazzi, L. et al. Mol Biol Rep (2011) 38: 1425. doi:10.1007/s11033-010-0247-3
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TBC1D1 [TBC1 (tre-2/USP6, BUB2, cdc16) domain family, member 1] is a Rab-GTPase-activating related protein implicated in regulating the trafficking of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4 or SLC2A4) storage vesicles to the cell surface in response to insulin and AMPK-activating stimuli in skeletal muscle. Mutations in the human and mouse TBC1D1 genes confer risk of obesity or leanness. We identified five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the porcine TBC1D1 gene. One of them (FN677935:g.219G>A) was genotyped either by high resolution melting and PCR-RFLP analyses to study allele frequencies in a few pig breeds and evaluate association with meat production and carcass traits in five groups of sib-tested pigs of Italian Large White and Italian Duroc breeds. The g.219G>A SNP was associated (P < 0.05) with ham weight, back fat thickness and lean cuts content in Italian Large White and with visible intermuscular fat in Italian Duroc pigs.