, Volume 38, Issue 1, pp 219-227
Date: 04 Apr 2010

TNF-308 gene polymorphism is associated with COPD risk among Asians: meta-analysis of data for 6,118 subjects

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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a complex polygenic disease in which gene–environment interactions play a critical role in disease onset and progression. The gene encoding tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is one of several candidate loci for the pathogenesis of COPD and is highly polymorphic. A number of studies have investigated the association between the TNF-308 polymorphisms and COPD risk in different populations, and resulted in inconsistent results. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the published studies were performed to gain a clearer understanding of this association. The PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and CNKI databases were searched for case–control studies published from 1966 to April 2009. Data were extracted and pooled odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Twenty-four eligible studies, comprising 2,380 COPD cases and 3,738 controls, were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled result showed that the TNF-308 polymorphisms were significantly associated with an increased risk of COPD (OR = 1.335, 95% CI: 1.172–1.522, for allele A carriers versus G/G; OR = 1.330, 95% CI = 1.174–1.505, for allele A versus allele G). Subgroup analysis supported the results in the Asian populations, but not in the Caucasian populations. When the analysis was limited to only those studies in which the COPD cases and controls were smokers/ex-smokers, the pooled results supported the conclusion. This meta-analysis suggested that the TNF-308 A allele is a more significant risk factor for developing COPD among Asian populations, but not among Caucasians.

P. Zhan and J. Wang contributed equally to this work and should be considered as co-first authors.