High-throughput genotyping of unknown genomic terrain in complex plant genomes: lessons from a case study
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- Sandve, S.R., Rudi, H., Dørum, G. et al. Mol Breeding (2010) 26: 711. doi:10.1007/s11032-010-9479-0
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Novel high-throughput genotyping technologies have facilitated rapid genotyping of single nucleotide polymorphisms in non-model organisms. Most plant species have complex genomes with a large proportion of their genes having one or more paralogous copies due to single gene duplications and ancient or recent polyploidization events. These paralogous gene copies are potential sources of genotyping errors, and hence genotyping of plant genomes is inherently difficult. Here we present a case study that exemplifies paralog-related problems in high-throughput genotyping of plant genomes. We used the MassARRAY genotyping platform to genotype the LpIRI locus in L. perenne populations; this gene is thought to be involved in low-temperature stress tolerance. The dissection of the molecular genetics underlying the genotyping results provides a good example of how unknown paralogs can mask the true genotype of the locus, instructive to the non-specialist plant researcher and breeder.