, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 357-370
Date: 29 Jun 2010

Recombination is suppressed in an alien introgression in peanut harboring Rma, a dominant root-knot nematode resistance gene

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Rma, a dominant root-knot nematode resistance gene introduced into tetraploid peanut (Arachis hypogaea) from a synthetic allotetraploid donor (TxAG-6), has been widely deployed in modern cultivars. The genomic location and borders of the alien chromosome segment introgressed from TxAG-6 into NemaTAM (a BC7-derived introgression line) and other modern cultivars carrying Rma have not been genetically mapped, and resistance gene candidates (RGCs) have not been identified for Rma. Our study focused on densely populating the alien introgression with codominant DNA markers, identifying and mapping the borders of the alien introgression carried by NemaTAM, and identifying RGCs for Rma. Altogether, 2,847 simple sequence repeat (SSR) and 380 single strand conformational polymorphism (SSCP) markers were screened for linkage to Rma-247 of the SSCP markers targeted 202 nucleotide binding site (NBS) leucine-rich repeat (LRR) and other resistance (R) gene homologs (75 were identified by mining a peanut EST database). SSR, NBS-LRR, and Ser/Thr receptor-like protein loci within the alien introgression co-segregated with Rma in an F4 population (Gregory × Tifguard) and were tightly linked and spanned 3.4 cM in an F5 population (NemaTAM × GP-NC-WS-14). By comparative mapping in the A-genome progenitor of peanut (A. duranensis), Rma was discovered to have been introduced on an interstitial alien chromosome segment spanning one-third to one-half of chromosome 9A. Numerous codominant DNA markers were identified for finer mapping of Rma, shortening the alien introgression harboring Rma by marker-assisted selection, and introducing novel root-knot nematode R-genes into peanut by targeting syntenic segments on chromosomes 9A and 9B in wild diploid donors.