Motivation and Emotion

, Volume 38, Issue 1, pp 23–35

A randomized controlled trial of compassion cultivation training: Effects on mindfulness, affect, and emotion regulation

  • Hooria Jazaieri
  • Kelly McGonigal
  • Thupten Jinpa
  • James R. Doty
  • James J. Gross
  • Philippe R. Goldin
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s11031-013-9368-z

Cite this article as:
Jazaieri, H., McGonigal, K., Jinpa, T. et al. Motiv Emot (2014) 38: 23. doi:10.1007/s11031-013-9368-z

Abstract

Compassion is a positive orientation towards suffering that may be enhanced through compassion training and is thought to influence psychological functioning. However, the effects of compassion training on mindfulness, affect, and emotion regulation are not known. We conducted a randomized controlled trial in which 100 adults from the community were randomly assigned to either a 9-week compassion cultivation training (CCT) or a waitlist (WL) control condition. Participants completed self-report inventories that measured mindfulness, positive and negative affect, and emotion regulation. Compared to WL, CCT resulted in increased mindfulness and happiness, as well as decreased worry and emotional suppression. Within CCT, the amount of formal meditation practiced was related to reductions in worry and emotional suppression. These findings suggest that compassion cultivation training effects cognitive and emotion factors that support psychological flexible and adaptive functioning.

Keywords

Compassion Mindfulness Affect Emotion Emotion regulation Meditation 

Supplementary material

11031_2013_9368_MOESM1_ESM.docx (43 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 43 kb)

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hooria Jazaieri
    • 1
  • Kelly McGonigal
    • 2
  • Thupten Jinpa
    • 2
  • James R. Doty
    • 2
    • 3
  • James J. Gross
    • 1
  • Philippe R. Goldin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  2. 2.Center for Compassion and Altruism Research and EducationPalo AltoUSA
  3. 3.School of MedicineStanford UniversityStanfordUSA