Performance, cardiovascular, and health behavior effects of an inhibitory strength training intervention
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Female undergraduates were assigned to one of three groups, two involving regulatory training and one not. Training participants performed for 2 weeks tasks that required strong behavioral restraint (Strong Training) or weak behavioral restraint (Weak Training). Later, they took part in (1) a laboratory session in which they performed tasks with inhibitory components, and (2) a follow-up week in which they provided health behavior reports and used designated dental supplies. No Training participants took part only in the session and follow-up week. As expected, laboratory performance was improved for Strong- relative to No Training participants, with performance for Weak Training participants falling in between. Also as expected, Strong Training participants used more floss in the follow-up week than did the No Training participants, with floss for Weak Training participants falling between. Contrary to expectation, Strong Training participants used less toothpaste and reported having brushed less than the No Training participants. In addition, Strong Training participants evinced exaggerated—rather than diminished—cardiovascular responses during the laboratory tasks. The performance and floss use data support the suggestion that inhibitory system strength can be increased through use. The brushing and cardiovascular findings may be interpretable in inhibitory strength terms.
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About this Article
- Performance, cardiovascular, and health behavior effects of an inhibitory strength training intervention
Motivation and Emotion
Volume 33, Issue 4 , pp 419-434
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Regulatory control
- Inhibitory training
- Resource depletion
- Ego depletion
- Cardiovascular response
- Author Affiliations
- 1. University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, USA
- 2. Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 415 Campbell Hall, 1300 University Boulevard, Birmingham, AL, USA