Motivation and Emotion

, Volume 29, Issue 4, pp 438–459

Motivational Antecedents of Preventive Proactivity in Late Life: Linking Future Orientation and Exercise


DOI: 10.1007/s11031-006-9012-2

Cite this article as:
Kahana, E., Kahana, B. & Zhang, J. Motiv Emot (2005) 29: 438. doi:10.1007/s11031-006-9012-2


This paper reviews a comprehensive, proactivity-based model of successful aging (E. Kahana & B. Kahana, 2003). Future orientation is considered as a motivational antecedent of late-life proactivity. In a panel study of 453 old-old adults, we linked future orientation to exercise, a key component of late-life proactivity. Findings based on hierarchical linear modeling reveal that future orientation at baseline predicts changes in exercise during the subsequent four years. Whereas exercise behavior generally declined over time, future orientation and female gender were associated with smaller decline. These results suggest that future-oriented thinking has a lasting impact on health promotion behavior. Future orientation thus represents a dispositional antecedent of preventive proactivity as proposed in our successful aging model.


future orientation old age proactive adaptation gender health promotion exercise behavior exercise motivation 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyCase Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyCleveland State UniversityClevelandUSA
  3. 3.Department of Psychiatry and PsychologyCleveland Clinic FoundationClevelandUSA
  4. 4.Department of SociologyCase Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA

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