Motivational Antecedents of Preventive Proactivity in Late Life: Linking Future Orientation and Exercise
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- Kahana, E., Kahana, B. & Zhang, J. Motiv Emot (2005) 29: 438. doi:10.1007/s11031-006-9012-2
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This paper reviews a comprehensive, proactivity-based model of successful aging (E. Kahana & B. Kahana, 2003). Future orientation is considered as a motivational antecedent of late-life proactivity. In a panel study of 453 old-old adults, we linked future orientation to exercise, a key component of late-life proactivity. Findings based on hierarchical linear modeling reveal that future orientation at baseline predicts changes in exercise during the subsequent four years. Whereas exercise behavior generally declined over time, future orientation and female gender were associated with smaller decline. These results suggest that future-oriented thinking has a lasting impact on health promotion behavior. Future orientation thus represents a dispositional antecedent of preventive proactivity as proposed in our successful aging model.