Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change

, Volume 19, Issue 7, pp 969–996

From federal to city mitigation and adaptation: climate change policy in Mexico City

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

DOI: 10.1007/s11027-013-9455-1

Cite this article as:
Sosa-Rodriguez, F.S. Mitig Adapt Strateg Glob Change (2014) 19: 969. doi:10.1007/s11027-013-9455-1

Abstract

Climate change is projected to affect Latin America and the Caribbean as a result of increased temperatures and changed rainfall patterns. The impacts of climate change are expected to be unevenly distributed throughout the region, due to differences in geographic location, demographic pressures, levels of poverty, and natural resource dependence. To date, few studies have explored these impacts and the governmental responses to cope with them at a city scale. This article examines the challenges faced by the Mexico City government as it translates the federal climate change policy into successful mitigation and adaptation. It analyzes climate change impacts on Mexico and Mexico City (also known as the Federal District), the federal and city’s mitigation and adaptation responses, and advances and contradictions in the implementation of these strategies at the national and city levels. Similar problems have limited the effectiveness of these actions at both the federal and city levels, including the overexploitation of natural resources, a lack of climate information and monitoring systems, and the subordination of climate change strategies to the objectives of economic growth and poverty reduction. These problems have resulted in poor coordination and collaboration among various levels of government to cope with climate change, in addition to avoiding local capacity building, particularly in regard to forest conservation.

Keywords

AdaptationAdvancesChallengesClimate change policyClimate scenariosFederal and city scaleMexicoMexico CityMitigation

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Economic Growth and Environment Group, Department of EconomicsUniversidad Autonoma Metropolitana (UAM)-AzcapotzalcoMexico CityMexico