Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 33–44

Millennium development goals and clean development: synergies in the Pacific

Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11027-012-9425-z

Cite this article as:
Byrom, S., Thomas, S. & Dargusch, P. Mitig Adapt Strateg Glob Change (2014) 19: 33. doi:10.1007/s11027-012-9425-z


This paper addresses synergies between the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), and considers how the CDM can facilitate the MDGs in Pacific Island Countries (PICs). To date, only 6 CDM projects have been registered in PICs, highlighting the ‘lose-lose’ business case that applies to this type of project development. This paper identifies constraints on and opportunities for CDM project development in PICs, and proposes a range of specific policy reform measures that could alter existing negative investment profiles. Key findings are that small-scale agricultural projects providing renewable energy from existing sources of biomass (currently seen as waste) are ideal candidates for CDM investment in PICs, and that the single most important reform to facilitate CDM activity and contribute to achieving the MDGs would be the implementation of a regional approach to CDM administration, in which a regional body became the designated CDM Authority for all states in the region. This would offset investment risk, improve governance transparency, and facilitate a targeted approach to sustainable development activities in the Pacific region.


SustainabilityClean development mechanismPacific island countriesPoverty alleviationMillennium development goalsClimate changeBiomass

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephanie Byrom
    • 1
  • Sebastian Thomas
    • 1
  • Paul Dargusch
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Geography, Planning and Environmental ManagementUniversity of QueenslandSt LuciaAustralia