Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change

, Volume 13, Issue 7, pp 675–701

Impact of bioenergy crops in a carbon dioxide constrained world: an application of the MiniCAM energy-agriculture and land use model


  • Kenneth T. Gillingham
    • Joint Global Change Research Institute
    • Department of Management Science and EngineeringStanford University
    • Joint Global Change Research Institute
  • Ronald D. Sands
    • Joint Global Change Research Institute
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11027-007-9122-5

Cite this article as:
Gillingham, K.T., Smith, S.J. & Sands, R.D. Mitig Adapt Strateg Glob Change (2008) 13: 675. doi:10.1007/s11027-007-9122-5


In the coming century, modern bioenergy crops have the potential to play a crucial role in the global energy mix, especially under policies to reduce carbon dioxide emissions as proposed by many in the international community. Previous studies have not fully addressed many of the dynamic interactions and effects of a policy-induced expansion of bioenergy crop production, particularly on crop yields and human food demand. This study combines an updated agriculture and land use (AgLU) model with a well-developed energy-economic model to provide an analysis of the effects of bioenergy crops on energy, agricultural and land use systems. The results indicate that carbon dioxide mitigation policies can stimulate a large production of bioenergy crops, dependent on the level of the policy. This production of bioenergy crops can lead to several impacts on the agriculture and land use system: decreases in forestland and unmanaged land, decreases in the average yield of food crops, increases in the prices of food crops, and decreases in the level of human demand of calories.


BioenergyGlobal energy scenariosClimate changeCarbon dioxideIntegrated assessment

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007