Adams, A.M., Cekan, J. and Sauerborn, R.: 1998, ‘Towards a conceptual framework of household coping: Reflections from rural West Africa’, Africa
Adger, W.N.: 1999, ‘Social vulnerability to climate change and extremes in coastal Vietnam’, World Development
Adger, W.N.: 2000, ‘Social and ecological resilience: Are they related?’ Progress in Human Geography
Adger, W.N. and Kelly, P.M.: 1999, ‘Social vulnerability to climate change and the architecture of entitlements’, Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change
Anderson, M.B. and Woodrow, P.J.: 1991, ‘Reducing vulnerability to drought and famine: Developmental approaches to relief’, Disasters
Arnell, W.N.: 2004, ‘Climate change and global water resources: SRES emissions and socio-economic scenarios’, Global Environmental Change
Bebbington, A.: 1999, ‘Capitals and capabilities: A framework for analyzing peasant viability, rural livelihoods and poverty’, World Development
Bell, S. and Morse, S.: 1999, Sustainability Indicators. Measuring the Immeasurable, London, Earthscan.
Blaikie, P.: 2000, ‘Development, post-, anti-, and populist: A critical review’, Environment and Planning A
Blaikie, P., Cannon, T., Davis, I. and Wisner, B.: 1994, At Risk: Natural Hazards, People's Vulnerability,and Disasters, London and New York, Routledge.
Blalock, H.M.: 1984, Basic Dilemmas in the Social Sciences, Beverly Hills, LA, Sage.
Briguglio, L.: 1995, ‘Small island developing states and their economic vulnerability’, World Development
Brooks, N. and Adger, W.N.: 2003, Country Level Risk Measures of Climate-related Natural Disasters and Implications for Adaptation to Climate Change, Working Paper 26, Tyndall Centre for Climate Research, Norwich, University of East Anglia.
Burton, I., Huq, S., Lim, B., Pilifosova, O. and Schipper, E.L.: 2002, ‘From impacts assessment to adaptation priorities: The shaping of adaptation policy’, Climate Policy
Campbell, D.J.: 1999, ‘Response to drought among farmers and herders in southern Kajiado District, Kenya: A comparison of 1972–1976 and 1994–1995’, Human Ecology
Cannon, T.: 2002, ‘Gender and climate hazards in Bangladesh’, Gender and Development
Chambers, R.: 1989, ‘Vulnerability, coping and policy’, IDS Bulletin
Cooper, R.: 2000, ‘International approaches to global climate change’, World Bank Research Observer
Corbett, J.: 1998, ‘Famine and household coping strategies’, World Development
Cutter, S.L.: 1996, ‘Vulnerability to environmental hazards’, Progress in Human Geography
Cutter, S.L.: 2003, ‘The vulnerability of science and the science of vulnerability’, Annals of the Association of American Geographers
Cutter, S.L., Boruff, B.J. and Shirley, W.L.: 2003, ‘Social vulnerability to environmental hazards’, Social Science Quarterly
Cutter, S., Mitchell, J. and Scott, M.: 2000, ‘Revealing the vulnerability of people and places: A case study of Georgetown County, South Carolina’, Annals of the Association of American Geographers
Davies, S.: 1993, ‘Are coping strategies a cop out?’ IDS Bulletin
De Waal, A.: 1989, Famine that Kills: Darfur, Sudan, 1984–1985, Oxford, Clarendon Press.
Denton, F.: 2002, ‘Climate change vulnerability, impacts, and adaptation: Why does gender matter?’ Gender and Development
Dercon, S. and Krishnan, P.: 1996, ‘Income portfolios in rural Ethiopia and Tanzania: Choices and constraints’, Journal of Development Studies
Devereux, S. and Naeraa, T.: 1996, ‘Drought and survival in rural Namibia’, Journal of Southern African Studies
Dow, K.: 1992, ‘Exploring differences in our common future(s): The meaning of vulnerability to global environmental change’, Geoforum
Downing, T.E., Watts, M.J. and Bohle, H.G.: 1995, ‘Climate change and food insecurity: Towards a sociology and geography of vulnerability’, in T.E. Downing (ed.), Climate Change and World Food Security, Berlin, Springer, pp. 183–206.
Dréze, J. and Sen, A.: 1989, Hunger and Public Action, Oxford, Clarendon Press.
Ellis, F.: 1998, ‘Household strategies and rural livelihood diversification’, Journal of Development Studies
Eriksen, S.H.: 2000, Responding to Global Change: Vulnerability and Management of Local Agro-ecosystemsin Kenya and Tanzania, Ph.D. thesis, School of Environmental Sciences, Norwich, University of East Anglia.
Eriksen, S.H.: 2005, ‘The role of indigenous plants in household adaptation to climate change: The Kenyan experience’, in P.S. Low (ed.), Climate Change and Africa, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 246–257.
Fermann, G.: 1997, ‘Political context of climate change’, in G. Fermann (ed.), International Politics of Climate Change: Key Issues and Critical Actors, Oslo, Scandinavian University Press, pp. 11– 52.
FEWSNET: 2000, Annual Performance and Monitoring Report for the Year 2000: Famine Early Warming System Network (FEWS NET)
, Chemonics International Inc., Washington, DC. http://www.fews.net/resources/gcontent/pdf/1000053. pdf
. Last accessed February 17, 2003.
FIVIMS: 2000, Report on the Geneva Meeting on Vulnerability: Fifth Meeting of the Subgroup on Indicators, Assessment and Mapping, Geneva from 10–11 July 2000
, Food Insecurity and Vulnerability Information and Mapping Systems (FIVIMS), Rome. http://www.fivims.net
. Last accessed February 17, 2003.
Folke, C., Carpenter, S., Elmqvist, T., Gunderson, L., Holling, C.S. and Walker, B.: 2002, ‘Resilience and sustainable development: Building adaptive capacity in a world of transformations’, Ambio
Gore, C.: 1993, ‘Entitlement relations and ‘unruly’ social practices: A comment on the work of Amartya Sen’, Journal of Development Studies
Gustafsson, B.: 1998, ‘Scope and limits of the market mechanism in environmental management’, Ecological Economics
Guyer, J.I.: 1997, ‘Endowments and assets: The anthropology of wealth and the economics of intrahousehold allocation’, in L. Haddad, J. Hoddinott and H. Alderman (eds.), Intrahousehold Resource Allocation in Developing Countries: Models, Methods and Policy, Baltimore, The Johns Hopkins University Press, pp. 112–125.
Haddad, L., Kennedy, E. and Sullivan, J.: 1994, ‘Choice of indicators for food security and nutrition monitoring’, Food Policy
Heinz Center: 2002. Human Links to Coastal Disasters
, The Heinz Center, Washington, DC. http://www.heinzctr.org
. Last accessed December 21, 2003.
Homewood, K.: 1995, ‘Pastoralist production systems and climate change’, in T.E. Downing (ed.), Climate Change and World Food Security, Berlin, Springer, pp. 505–524.
Jallow, B.P., Barrow, M.K.A. and Leatherman, S.P.: 1996, ‘Vulnerability of the coastal zone of The Gambia to sea level rise and development of response strategies and adaptation options’, Climate Research
Jollands, N. and Patterson, M.: 2003, ‘The Holy Grail of Sustainable Development Indicators: An Approach to Aggregating Indicators with Applications’, Paper presented to USSEE conference, May 22, 2003, US Society for Ecological Economics, Department of Geography, Duluth, MN, University of Minnesota.
Jodha, N.S.: 1990, ‘Rural common property resources: Contributions and crisis’, Economic and Political Weekly
Jodha, N.S.: 1995, ‘Enhancing food security in a warmer and more crowded world: Factors and processes in fragile zones’, in T.E. Downing (ed.), Climate Change and World Food Security, Berlin, Springer, pp. 381–419.
Kamanou, G. and Morduch, J.: 2002, Measuring Vulnerability to Poverty
, Discussion Paper No. 2002/58, United Nations University/WIDER, Helsinki. http://www.wider. unu.edu/publications/dps/dps2002/dp2002–58.pdf
. Last accessed December 22, 2003.
Kasperson, J.X., Kasperson, R.E. and Turner, B.L.: 1996,. ‘Regions at risk: Exploring environmental criticality’, Environment
38(10), 4–15, 26–29.
Kelly, P.M. and Adger, W.N.: 2000, ‘Theory and practice in assessing vulnerability to climate change and facilitating adaptation’, Climatic Change
Klein, R.J.T.: 2003, ‘Adaptation to climate variability and change: What is optimal and appropriate?’, in C. Giupponi and M. Schechter (eds.), Climate Change in the Mediterranean: Socio-Economic Perspectives of Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, pp. 32–50.
Klepper, G. and Springer, K.: 2003, ‘Climate protection strategies: International allocation and distribution effects’, Climatic Change
Leichenko, R.M. and O'Brien, K.L.: 2002, ‘The dynamics of rural vulnerability to global change: The case of southern Africa’, Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change
Liverman, D.M.: 1990, ‘Vulnerability to global environmental change’, in R.E. Kasperson, K. Dow, D. Golding and J.X. Kasperson (eds.), Understanding Global Environmental Change, Worcester, MA, The Earth Transformed Program, pp. 8–23.
Lonergan, S., Gustavson, K. and Harrower, M.: 1999, ‘Mapping human insecurity’, in S.C. Lonergen (ed.), Environmental Change, Adaptation, and Security, Dordrecht, NATO/Kluwer, pp. 397– 413.
Lyubomirsky, S. and Lepper, H.S.: 1999, ‘A measure of subjective happiness: Preliminary reliability and construct validation’, Social Indicators Research
McCarthy, J.J., Canziani, O.F., Leary, N.A., Dokken, D.J. and White, K.S. (eds.): 2001, Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
Mitchell, J.F.B. and Karoly, D.J.: 2001, ‘Detection of climate change and attribution of causes’, in J.T. Houghton, Y. Ding, D.J. Griggs, M. Noguer, P.J. van der Linden, X. Dai, K. Maskell and C.A. Johnson (eds.), Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 695–738.
Morrow, B.H.: 1999, ‘Identifying and mapping community vulnerability’, Disasters
Moss, R.H., Brenkert, A.L. and Malone, E.L.: 2001, Vulnerability to Climate Change. A Quantitative Approach
, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory operated by Batelle for the United States Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, TN. http://www.pnl.gov/globalchange/pubs/vul/DOE\20VCC\20report.PDF
. Last accessed December 22, 2003.
Münchener Rückversicherungs-Gesellschaft: 2002, Topics. Annual Review: Natural Catastrophes 2001, Münchener Rückversicherungs-Gesellschaft, München.
Mustafa, D.: 1998, ‘Structural causes of vulnerability to flood hazard in Pakistan’, Economic Geography
Myers, N., Mittermeier, R.A., Mittermeier, C.G., da Fonseca, G.A.B. and Kent, J.: 2000, ‘Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities’, Nature
Netting, R.M.: 1993, Smallholders, Householders: Farm Families and the Ecology of Intensive, Sustainable Agriculture, Stanford, Stanford University Press.
Nicholls, R.J.: 2004, ‘Coastal flooding and wetland loss in the 21st century: Changes under the SRES climate and socio-economic scenarios’, Global Environmental Change
Niemeijer, D.: 2002, ‘Developing indicators for environmental policy: Data-driven and theory-driven approaches examined by example’, Environmental Science & Policy
Nypan, A.: 1991, ‘Women's work and strategies for control of resources: Changes in the position of rural women in Tanzania’, FORUM for utviklingsstudier
O'Brien, K.L., Aandahl, G., Orderud, G. and Sáether, B.: 2003, ‘Sáarbarhetskartlegging – et utgangspunkt for klimadialog [Vulnerability mapping – a point of departure for a climate dialog]’, Plan
O'Brien, K., Leichenko, R., Kelkar, U. Venema, H., Aandahl, G., Tompkins, H., Javed, A., Bhadwal, S., Barg, S., Nygaard, L. and West, J.: 2004, ‘Mapping multiple stressors: Climate change and economic globalization in India’, Global Environmental Change
14, in press.
Parry, M.L.E. (ed.): 2000, Assessment of the Potential Effects and Adaptations for Climate Change in Europe, Jackson Environment Institute, Norwich, University of East Anglia.
Parry, M.L. and Carter, T.: 1998, Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment, London, Earthscan.
Parry, M.L., Rosenzweig, C., Iglesias, A., Fischer, G. and Livermore, M.: 1999, ‘Climate change and world food security: A new assessment’, Global Environmental Change
Parry, M.L., Rosenzweig, C., Iglesias, A., Livermore, M. and Fischer, G.: 2004, ‘Effects of climate change on global food production under SRES emissions and socioeconomic scenarios’, Global Environmental Change
Platteau, J.P.: 1991, ‘Traditional systems of social security and hunger insurance: Past achievements and modern challenges’, in E. Ahmad, J. Dreze, J. Hills and A. Sen (eds.), Social Security in Developing Countries, Oxford, Clarendon Press, pp. 112–170.
Polsky, C. and Easterling, W.E.: 2001, ‘Adaptation to climate variability and change in the US Great Plains: A multi-scale analysis of Ricardian climate sensitivites’, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment
Pottier, J.: 1988, Migrants No More: Settlement and Survival in Mambwe Villages, Zambia, Manchester, Manchester University Press.
Ramachandran, M. and Eastman, R.J.: 1997, Applications of GIS to Vulnerability Mapping:
A West African Food Security Case Study, The Idrisi Project, Clark Labs for Cartographic Technology and Geographic Analysis, Worcester, MA, Clark University. www.clarklabs.org/10applic/risk/Chapter3/Chapter3.htm
. Last accessed November 30, 2002.
Retzlaff, R.H.: 1968, ‘The use of aggregate data in comparative political analysis’, in C.L. Taylor (ed.), Aggregate Data Analysis: Political and Social Indicators in Cross-National Research, Paris, Mouton and Co.
Sagar, A.D. and Najam, A.: 1998, ‘The human development index: A critical review’, Ecological Economics
Sahn, D.E. and Stifel, D.C.: 2000, ‘Poverty comparisons over time and across countries in Africa’, World Development
Schär, C., Vidale, P.L., Lüthl, D., Frei, C., Häberll, C., Liniger, M.A. and Appenzeller, C.: 2004, ‘The role of increasing summer temperature variability in European summer heat waves’, Nature
Schiller, A., de Sherbinin, A., Hsieh, W.H. and Pulsipher, A.: 2001, The Vulnerability
of Global Cities to Climate Hazards, IHDP Open Meeting 2001, Rio de Janeiro. Sedac.ciesin.org/openmeeting/downloads/1008002293\presentation\aschiller\riopaper-1220.pdf.
Last accessed February 17, 2003.
Schrüter, D., Polsky, C. and Patt, A.G.: 2004, ‘Assessing vulnerabilities to the effects of global change: An eight step approach’, Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, in press.Q2
Sen, A.K.: 1981, Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation, Oxford, Clarendon.
Smithers, J. and Smit, B.: 1997, ‘Human adaptation to climatic variability and change’, Global Environmental Change
Sousounis, P.J. and Bisanz, J.M. (eds.): 2000, Preparing for a changing climate: The potential consequences of climate variability and change
, Great Lakes, A Summary by the Great Lakes Regional Assessment Group, U.S. Global Change Research Programme, Ann Arbor, University of Michigan. http://www.gcrio.org/NationalAssessment/greatlakes/greatlakes.pdf.
Last accessed February 17, 2003.
Stephen, L. and Downing, T.E.: 2001, ‘Getting the scale right: A comparison of analytical methods for vulnerability assessment of household-level targeting’, Disasters
Swift, J.: 1993, ‘Understanding and preventing famine and famine mortality’, IDS Bulletin
Stigter, K.J.: 1995, ‘Transfer of indigenous knowledge and protection of the agricultural environment in eastern Africa’, in D.M. Warren, L.J. Slikkerveer and D. Brokensha (eds.), The Cultural Dimension of Development: Indigenous Knowledge Systems, London, Intermediate Technology Publications, pp. 419–425.
Taylor, P.J. and Flint, C.: 2000, Political Geography: World-economy, Nation-State and Locality, Harlow, Pearson Education Limited.
Turner, B.L.: 1991, ‘Thoughts on linking the physical and human sciences in the study of global environmental change’, Research and Exploration
Turner, B.L., Kasperson, R.E., Matson, P.A., McCarthy, J.J., Corell, R.W., Christensen, L., Eckley, N., Kasperson, J.X., Luers, A., Martello, M.L., Polsky, C., Pulsipher, A. and Schiller, A.: 2003, ‘A framework for vulnerability analysis in sustainability science’, PNAS
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs: 2003, Year-ender 2002 – New Thinking Needed on Food Security, Integrated Regional Information Network, South Africa.
UNDP: 2003, Human Development Report
, United Nations Development Programme, Oxford, Oxford University Press. http://www.undp.org/hdr2003.
Last accessed September 15, 2003.
Vestal, T.M.: 1991, ‘Risk factors and predictability of famine in Ethiopia’, Politics and the Life Sciences
Voigt, T., Minnen, J., Erhard, M.D., Viner, D., Koelemeijer, R. and Zebisch, M.: 2004, Climate Change Impacts in Europe: Today and in the Future, Draft Report, February 2004, European Environment Agency, Copenhagen.
Voss, H. and Hidajat, R.: 2002, International Symposium on Disaster Reduction and Global EnvironmentalChange, At the Federal Foreign Office, June 20–21 2002, Germany, German Committee for Disaster Reduction/German National Committee on Global Change Research, Berlin.
Watts, M.: 1983, Silent Violence: Food, Famine and Peasantry in Northern Nigeria, Berkeley, University of California Press.
Wilbanks, T.J. and Kates, R.W.: 1999, ‘Global change in local places: How scale matters’, Climatic Change
Wilkie, D., Morelli, G., Rotberg, F. and Shaw, E.: 1999, ‘Wetter isn't better: Global warming and food security in the Congo Basin’, Global Environmental Change
World Bank: 1997, World development indicators, 1997, Washington, DC, The World Bank.
World Economic Forum: 2002, Environmental Sustainability Index, An Initiative of the Global Leaders for Tomorrow Environment Task Force, World Economic Forum, Annual Meeting 2002
, World Economic Forum/CIESIN/Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy, Geneva/New York/ New Haven. http://www.ciesin.columbia.edu/indicators/ESI.
Last accessed August 17, 2004.
Yohe, G. and Tol, R.S.J.: 2002, ‘Indicators for social and economic coping capacity – moving toward a working definition of adaptive capacity’, Global Environmental Change
Zambia National Vulnerability Assessment Committee: 2003, Zambia Emergency Food Security
Assessment Report (January 2003), Zambia National Vulnerability Assessment Committee in collaboration with SADC FANR Vulnerability Assessment Committee, Lusaka. http://www.fews. net/resources/gcontent/pdf/1000224.pdf.
Last accessed February 17, 2003.