Minds and Machines

, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 339–352

The Mark of the Cognitive


DOI: 10.1007/s11023-012-9291-1

Cite this article as:
Adams, F. & Garrison, R. Minds & Machines (2013) 23: 339. doi:10.1007/s11023-012-9291-1


It is easy to give a list of cognitive processes. They are things like learning, memory, concept formation, reasoning, maybe emotion, and so on. It is not easy to say, of these things that are called cognitive, what makes them so? Knowing the answer is one very important reason to be interested in the mark of the cognitive. In this paper, consider some answers that we think do not work and then offer one of our own which ties cognition to actions explained via the having of reasons.


CognitionCognitive processingReasonsInformationRepresentationFunction

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of DelawareNewarkUSA