Hybrid Extensional Prototype Compositionality Authors
First Online: 09 October 2010 Received: 19 March 2010 Accepted: 21 September 2010 DOI:
10.1007/s11023-010-9217-8 Cite this article as: Jylkkä, J. Minds & Machines (2011) 21: 41. doi:10.1007/s11023-010-9217-8
It has been argued that prototypes cannot compose, and that for this reason concepts cannot be prototypes (Osherson and Smith in Cognition 9:35–58,
; Fodor and Lepore in Cognition 58:253–270, 1981 ; Connolly et al. in Cognition 103:1–22, 1996 ). In this paper I examine the intensional and extensional approaches to prototype compositionality, arguing that neither succeeds in their present formulations. I then propose a hybrid extensional theory of prototype compositionality, according to which the extension of a complex concept is determined as a function of what triggers its constituent prototypes. I argue that the theory escapes the problems traditionally raised against extensional theories of compositionality. 2007
Braisby, N., Franks, B., & Hampton, J. (1996). Essentialism, word use, and concepts.
Clark, E. V. (1983). Meaning and concepts. In J. H. Flavell & E. M. Markman (Eds.),
Manual of child psychology: Cognitive development (Vol. 3, pp. 787–840). New York: Wiley.
Connolly, A. C., Fodor, J. A., & Gleitman, L. R. (2007). Why stereotypes don’t even make good defaults.
Fodor, J. A. (1981).
Representations. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Fodor, J. A. (1998). Concepts. Where cognitive science went wrong. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Fodor, J. A., & Lepore, E. (1996). The red herring and the pet fish: Why concepts still can’t be prototypes.
Hampton, J. A. (1987). Inheritance of attributes in natural concept conjunctions.
Memory and Cognition,
Hampton, J. A. (1988). Overextension of conjunctive concepts: Evidence for a unitary model of concept typicality and class inclusion.
Memory & Cognition,
Hampton, J. A. (1996). Conjunctions of visually based categories: Overextension and compensation.
Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition,
Jylkkä, J. (2008a). Theories of natural kind term reference and empirical psychology.
Jylkkä, J. (2008b). Concepts and reference: Defending a dual theory of natural kind concepts.
Reports from the Department of Philosophy (Vol. 21). Turku, Finland: Painosalama.
Jylkkä, J., Railo, H., & Haukioja, J. (2009). Psychological essentialism and semantic externalism: Evidence for externalism in lay speakers’ language use.
Kamp, H., & Partee, B. (1995). Prototype theory and compositionality.
Kay, P., & Zimmer, K. (1976). On the semantics of compounds and genitives in English. In
Sixth California linguistics association proceedings. San Diego: Campile Press.
Keefe, R. (2000).
Vagueness. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.
Murphy, G. L. (1988). Comprehending complex concepts.
Murphy, G. L. (2004).
The big book of concepts. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Osherson, D. N., & Smith, E. E. (1981). On the adequacy of prototype theory as a theory of concepts.
Tversky, A. (1977). Features of similarity.
Wiesniewski, E. J. (1996). Construal and similarity in conceptual combination.
Journal of Memory and Language,
Zadeh, L. A. (1965). Fuzzy sets.
Information and Control,
MathSciNet MATH CrossRef Copyright information
© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010