Darwin’s pluralism, then and now
- Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther
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Tom Stoppard’s 1966 play (and 1990 movie) Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead combines existentialist philosophy, the history of science, and absurdist theater (and metatheater). This creative and stimulating piece builds a playful story based on the perspective of Hamlet’s two childhood friends, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. Of interest to us is the fact that Stoppard remains true to the words and scenography of Shakespeare’s original text whenever the two main characters interact with any of the characters from the original play, whether they be Hamlet, King Claudius and Queen Gertrud, or Polonius. All the other dialogue and staging is Stoppard’s creation, written in modern English.
David N. Reznick’s book is also a metatext—i.e., a text commenting on, building upon, and referring to another single text. Reznick divides his own book into three sections: Natural Selection, Speciation, and Theory. The sections cover, respectively, the following chapters of Darwin 1859On the Origin of ...
- Darwin, C.R. 1859. On the origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life. Harvard University Press (reprinted 1964).
- Gould, S.J., and R.C. Lewontin. 1979. The spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian paradigm: A critique of the adaptationist programme. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences 205(1161): 581–598. CrossRef
- Hodge, M.J.S. 2009. Darwin Studies: A theorist and his theories in their context. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Variorum.
- Peckham, Morse (ed.). 1959. The Origin of Species by Charles Darwin: A variorum text. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
- Sober, E. 1993. The Nature of selection: Evolutionary theory in philosophical focus. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- Sober, E. 2011. Did Darwin write the Origin backwards? philosophical essays on Darwin’s theory. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books.
- Darwin’s pluralism, then and now
Volume 21, Issue 1 , pp 157-161
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- Springer Netherlands
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- Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther (1) (2)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Philosophy Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, 1156 High St., Santa Cruz, CA, 95064, USA
- 2. Biocomplexity Group and Center for the Philosophy of Nature and Science Studies, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 17, Copenhagen, 2100, Denmark