Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry

, Volume 367, Issue 1, pp 215–225

Edaravone ameliorates oxidative stress associated cholinergic dysfunction and limits apoptotic response following focal cerebral ischemia in rat

  • Ajmal Ahmad
  • Mohd. Moshahid Khan
  • Hayate Javed
  • Syed Shadab Raza
  • Tauheed Ishrat
  • M. Badruzzaman Khan
  • Mohammed M. Safhi
  • Fakhrul Islam
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11010-012-1335-6

Cite this article as:
Ahmad, A., Moshahid Khan, M., Javed, H. et al. Mol Cell Biochem (2012) 367: 215. doi:10.1007/s11010-012-1335-6

Abstract

Stroke is a life-threatening disease with major cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. The neuronal damage following cerebral ischemia is a serious risk to stroke patients. Oxidative stress and apoptotic damage play an important role in cerebral ischemic pathogenesis and may represent a target for treatment. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that administration of edaravone (Edv) maintains antioxidant status in brain, improves the cholinergic dysfunction and suppresses the progression of apoptosis response in rat. To test this hypothesis, male Wistar rats were subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) of 2 h followed by reperfusion for 22 h. Edv was administered (10 mg/kg bwt) intraperitoneally 30 min before the onset of ischemia and 1 h after reperfusion. After reperfusion, rats were tested for neurobehavioral activities and were sacrificed for the infarct volume, estimation of oxidative damage markers. Edv treatment significantly reduced ischemic lesion volume, improved neurological deficits, contended oxidative loads, and suppressed apoptotic damage. In conclusion, treatment with Edv ameliorated the neurological and histological outcomes with elevated endogenous anti-oxidants status as well as reduced induction of apoptotic responses in MCA occluded rat. We theorized that Edv is among the pharmacological agents that reduce free radicals and its associated cholinergic dysfunction and apoptotic damage and have been found to limit the extent of brain damage following stroke.

Keywords

Oxidative stressCerebral ischemiaAntioxidantApoptosisNeuroprotection

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ajmal Ahmad
    • 1
    • 3
  • Mohd. Moshahid Khan
    • 1
    • 4
  • Hayate Javed
    • 1
  • Syed Shadab Raza
    • 1
  • Tauheed Ishrat
    • 1
    • 5
  • M. Badruzzaman Khan
    • 1
  • Mohammed M. Safhi
    • 2
  • Fakhrul Islam
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Neurotoxicology Laboratory, Department of Medical Elementology and Toxicology (Fund for the Improvement of Science and Technology-DST and Special Assistance Programme-UGC Sponsored)Jamia Hamdard (Hamdard University)New DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Neuroscience and Toxicology Unit, Faculty of PharmacyJazan UniversityJazanKingdom of Saudi Arabia
  3. 3.Department of NeurologyGeorgia Health Sciences UniversityAugustaUSA
  4. 4.Department of Neurology, Carver College of MedicineUniversity of IowaIowa CityUSA
  5. 5.Department of Clinical and Administrative PharmacyUniversity of GeorgiaAugustaUSA