A shift in the salt bridge interaction of residues D620 and E621 mediates the constitutive activation of Jak2-H538Q/K539L
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- Gnanasambandan, K., Magis, A.T. & Sayeski, P.P. Mol Cell Biochem (2012) 367: 125. doi:10.1007/s11010-012-1326-7
Jak2 mutations in the exon 14 and exon 12 regions that cause constitutive activation have been associated with myeloproliferative neoplasms. We have previously shown that a pi stacking interaction between F617 and F595 is important for the constitutive activation of Jak2-V617F (Gnanasambandan et al., Biochemistry 49:9972–9984, 2010). Here, using a combination of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and in vitro mutagenesis, we studied the molecular mechanism for the constitutive activation of the Jak2 exon 12 mutation, H538Q/K539L. The activation levels of Jak2-H538Q/K539L were found to be similar to that of Jak2-V617F, and Jak2-H538Q/K539L/V617F. Data from MD simulations indicated a shift in the salt bridge interactions of D620 and E621 with K539 in Jak2-WT to R541 in Jak2-H538Q/K539L. When compared to Jak2-WT, K539A mutation resulted in increased activation, while K539D or K539E mutations diminished Jak2 activation by 50 %. In the context of Jak2-H538Q/K539L, R541A mutation reduced its activation by 50 %, while R541D and R541E mutations returned its activation levels to that of Jak2-WT. Collectively, these results indicate that a shift in the salt bridge interaction of D620 and E621 with K539 in Jak2-WT to R541 in Jak2-H538Q/K539L is critical for constitutive activation of this Jak2 exon 12 mutant.
KeywordsJak2Exon 12 mutationMPNsSalt bridgeSimulationsMechanism
Signal transducers and activators of transcription
Src homology 2