Article

Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry

, 333:99

First online:

Acetyl-coenzyme A synthetase 2 is a nuclear protein required for replicative longevity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

  • Alaric A. FalcónAffiliated withDepartment of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Health Science Center, University of FloridaDepartment of Nutritional Sciences and Toxicology, University of California
  • , Shaoping ChenAffiliated withDepartment of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Health Science Center, University of Florida
  • , Michael S. WoodAffiliated withDepartment of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Health Science Center, University of Florida
  • , John P. ArisAffiliated withDepartment of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Health Science Center, University of Florida Email author 

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

Acs2p is one of two acetyl-coenzyme A synthetases in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We have prepared and characterized a monoclonal antibody specific for Acs2p and find that Acs2p is localized primarily to the nucleus, including the nucleolus, with a minor amount in the cytosol. We find that Acs2p is required for replicative longevity: an acs2∆ strain has a reduced replicative life span compared to wild-type and acs1∆ strains. Furthermore, replicatively aged acs2∆ cells contain elevated levels of extrachromosomal rDNA circles, and silencing at the rDNA locus is impaired in an acs2∆ strain. These findings indicate that Acs2p-mediated synthesis of acetyl-CoA in the nucleus functions to promote rDNA silencing and replicative longevity in yeast.

Keywords

Acetyl-coenzyme A Aging Nucleus Saccharomyces cerevisiae