, Volume 322, Issue 1-2, pp 193-206
Date: 13 Nov 2008

Novel role of toll-like receptor 3, RIG-I and MDA5 in poly (I:C) RNA-induced mesothelial inflammation

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Viral inflammation and infection of mesothelial cells (MC) are a major problem in several organ systems including pleura, pericardium and peritoneum. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are an essential part of the innate immune system for early recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns. TLRs recognise molecular patterns associated with microbial pathogens and induce an immune response. TLR3 recognises dsRNA of viral origin as exemplified by poly (I:C) RNA, a synthetic analogue of viral dsRNA. The helicases RIG-I and MDA5 may also act as sensors of viral infections. MC exhibit an expression of TLR3, RIG-I and MDA5. Poly (I:C) RNA stimulation resulted in an up-regulation of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines as well as type I interferons. This novel finding of functional expression of viral sensors on human MC may indicate a novel link between viral infections and mesothelial inflammation and indicates a pathophysiologic role of viral receptors in these processes.