Ubiquitylation of ε-COP by PIRH2 and regulation of the secretion of PSA
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- Maruyama, S., Miyajima, N., Bohgaki, M. et al. Mol Cell Biochem (2008) 307: 73. doi:10.1007/s11010-007-9586-3
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Ubiquitylation appears to be involved in the membrane trafficking system including endocytosis, exocytosis, and ER-to-Golgi transport. We found that PIRH2, which was identified as an interacting protein for androgen receptor or p53, interacts with and ubiquitylates the ε-subunit of coatmer complex, ε-COP. PIRH2 promotes the ubiquitylation of ε-COP in vitro and in vivo and consequently promotes the degradation of ε-COP. The interaction between PIRH2 and ε-COP is affected by the presence of androgen, and PIRH2 in the presence of androgen promotes ubiquitylation of ε-COP in vivo. Furthermore, overexpression of the wild type of PIRH2 in prostate cancer cells causes downregulation of the secretion of prostate-specific antigen (PSA), a secretory protein in prostate epithelial cells and one of diagnostic markers for prostate cancer. Our results indicate that PIRH2 functions as a regulator for COP I complex.