Article

Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry

, Volume 302, Issue 1, pp 125-131

MTHFR 677 CT/MTHFR 1298 CC genotypes are associated with increased risk of hypertension in Indians

  • Suchita MarkanAffiliated withDepartment of Experimental Medicine and Biotechnology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
  • , Meenakshi SachdevaAffiliated withDepartment of Experimental Medicine and Biotechnology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
  • , Badan Singh SehrawatAffiliated withDepartment of Experimental Medicine and Biotechnology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
  • , Savita KumariAffiliated withDepartment of Internal Medicine, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
  • , Sanjay JainAffiliated withDepartment of Internal Medicine, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
  • , Madhu KhullarAffiliated withDepartment of Experimental Medicine and Biotechnology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research Email author 

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Abstract

The goals of our present study were to measure plasma homocysteine levels and determine their association with methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene polymorphisms (C677T and A1298C) in essential hypertensive subjects. Plasma total homocysteine and folic acid levels were measured in essential hypertensive patients (n = 153) before and after oral supplementation with either 5 mg folic acid tablet/day or 5 mg placebo/day for 4 weeks and compared with age and sex matched normotensive controls (n = 133). MTHFR gene polymorphisms (C677T and A1298C) were studied by restriction fragment length polymorphism and correlated with plasma homocysteine levels. Homocysteine levels were significantly higher in hypertensive patients as compared to controls and showed a negative correlation with plasma folate levels. Folic acid supplementation (5 mg/day) for 4 weeks resulted in a significant decrease in plasma homocysteine concentrations in these patients. Patients carrying MTHFR 677T allele (OR = 1.90; 95%CI: 1.14–3.19) or MTHFR 1298C (OR = 2.6, 95%CI: 1.55–4.40) allele were at increased risk of hypertension. The frequency of co-occurrence of MTHFR 677 CT/1298 CC genotypes was significantly higher in the patients compared to controls (P < 0.05) and was associated with increased risk of hypertension (OR = 3.54, 95%CI: 0.37–4.30). Subjects with MTHFR 1298 CC genotype had significantly higher homocysteine levels compared to those with MTHFR 1298 AA genotype (P < 0.05). Our results indicate that MTHFR 677T and 1298C alleles and co-occurrence of MTHFR 677 CT/MTHFR 1298 CC genotypes are associated with increased risk of hypertension and MTHFR 1298 CC genotype is associated with higher homocysteine levels in our subjects.

Keywords

Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) Homocysteine Folate MTHFR C677T MTHFR A1298C