, Volume 294, Issue 1-2, pp 45-54

Brd2 is a TBP-associated protein and recruits TBP into E2F-1 transcriptional complex in response to serum stimulation

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Abstract

Brd2 is a novel protein kinase and plays a role in cell cycle-responsive transcription. Recent studies show that Brd2 contributes to E2F-1 regulated cell cycle progression. In this process, Brd2 exhibits scaffold or transcriptional adapter functions and mediates recruitment of both E2F-1 transcription factors and chromatin-remodelling activity to the E2F-1-resposive promoter. In the present study, we show that Brd2 is also a TBP-associated protein and a 26 amino acids peptide in the first bromodomain of Brd2 is essential for Brd2-TBP interaction. We found that serum stimulation of serum starved NIH/3T3 cells efficiently induces the formation of the Brd2-E2F-1-TBP complex in vivo. In this process, Brd2 plays a pivotal role in the recruitment of TBP into a E2F-1 transcriptional complex, as tested in overexpression assay and at the endogenous level. Furthermore, the 26 amino acid peptide that mediates Brd2-TBP interaction is proved to be critical for Brd2-dependent transactivation on E2F-1-responsive promoters, and moreover, Brd2 and E2F-1 may cooperatively participate in various serum-induced transactivation processes in Luciferase-reporter assays. Thus taken together, because Brd2 may recruit a HAT in its transactivational complex and E2F-1 has been found to stimulate transcription by recruiting acetyltransferase and cofactors GCN5, we predict that Brd2 and E2F-1 may act in a cooperative way to introduce an optimal environment for TBP binding to the TATA-element of gene promoters.