The Effect of Parental Involvement on Problematic Social Behaviors Among School-Age Children in Kentucky
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
This study examines the associations among parental active involvement and healthy role modeling behavior with social behavior among children in Kentucky and the nation. Data from the 2007 National Survey of Children’s Health was used, limited to children 6–17 years old. The dependent variable was a composite measure of problematic social behavior. Independent variables included parental involvement, parental healthy role modeling, and demographic variables. Chi square tests of independence were completed for bivariate analyses and multivariable logistic regression models were developed for Kentucky and the nation. The prevalence of problematic social behaviors in children was 10.4 % in Kentucky and 8.8 % in the nation. The parents of children in Kentucky who often exhibited problematic social behavior reported poor parent–child communication (50.4 %), not coping well with parenthood (56.5 %), parental aggravation (48.3 %), and less emotional help with parenting (9.1 %). The factor with the largest magnitude of association in Kentucky (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 6.2; 95 % confidence interval [CI]: 1.6, 24.5) and the nation (AOR = 4.8; 95 % CI: 3.3, 7.0) was observed for whether or not the parent communicated well with the child. Additional factors associated with problematic social behavior among children in Kentucky were living in a single parent, mother-led household, and having a parent with fair or poor mental health. Public health programs that target factors addressing the parent–child dyad, parent–child communication, and model healthy relationships may reduce the occurrence of problematic social behavior in 6–17-year-old children in Kentucky.
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (1991). Healthy people 2000: National health promotion and disease prevention objectives. Washington, DC.
- Kramer, R. A., Allen, L., & Gergen, P. J. (1995). Health and social characteristics and children’s cognitive functioning: Results from a national cohort. American Journal of Public Health, 85(3), 312–318. CrossRef
- Kentucky Department for Public Health. (2009). Results from title V needs assessment-maternal and child health community forums. Unpublished data.
- Measures for Population of All Children (2007). National survey of children’s health, 2007. Data Resource Center on Child and Adolescent Health Web site. Available at: www.childhealthdata.org. Accessed 4 Feb 2011.
- Schor, E. L. (2003). Family pediatrics: Report of the American Academy of Pediatrics Task Force on the Family. Pediatrics, 111, 1541–1571.
- Youngblade, L. M., Theokas, C., Schulenberg, J., Curry, L., Huang, I.-C., & Novak, M. (2007). Risk and promotive factors in families, schools, and communities: A contextual model of positive youth development in adolescence. Pediatrics, 119, S47–S53. CrossRef
- Howie, L. D., Lukacs, S. L., Pastor, P. N., Reuben, C. A., & Mendola, P. (2010). Participation in activities outside of school hours in relation to problem behavior and social skills in middle childhood. Journal of School Health, 80(3), 119–125. CrossRef
- Kim, K. (2007). Children’s mental health and family functioning in Rhode Island. Pediatrics, 119, S22–S28. CrossRef
- Blanchard, L. T., Gurka, M. J., & Blackman, J. A. (2006). Emotional, developmental, and behavioral health of american children and their families: A report from the 2003 National Survey of Children’s Health. Pediatrics, 117, 1202–1212. CrossRef
- Law, M., King, G., King, S., Keroy, M., Hurley, P., & Rosenbaum, P. (2006). Patterns of participation in recreational and leisure activities among children with complex physical disabilities. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurolog, 48, 337–342. CrossRef
- Engel-Yeger, B., Jarus, T., Anaby, D., & Law, M. (2009). Differences in patterns of participation between youths with cerebral palsy and typically developing peers. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 63, 96–104. CrossRef
- Blumberg, S. J., Foster, E. B., Frasier, A. M., et al. (2009). Design and operation of the National Survey of Children’s Health, 2007. National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat 1. 2009. Available at: http://ftp.cdc.gov/pub/Health_Statistics/NCHS/slaits/nsch07/2_Methodology_Report/NSCH_Design_and_Operations_052109.pdf. Accessed 26 Sept 2011.
- Child and Adolescent Health Measurement Initiative (CAHMI). (2007). National Survey of Children’s Health SAS code for data users: Child health indicators and subgroups. Data Resource Center for Child and Adolescent Health, Available at: www.childhealthdata.org. Accessed 25 Aug 2010.
- Barlow, S. E., & Chang, J. (2007). Is parental aggravation associated with childhood overweight? An analysis of the national survey of children’s health 2003. Acta Paediatrica, 96, 1360–1362. CrossRef
- Waldfogel, J., Craigie, T. A., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2010). Fragile families and child wellbeing. The Future of Children, 20(2), 87–112. CrossRef
- Osborne, C. (2007). Is marriage protective for all children? Cumulative risks at birth and subsequent child behavior among urban families. Working paper 07-09-FF. Princeton: Center for Research on Child Wellbeing.
- Fomby, P., & Osborne, C. (2008). The relative effects of family instability and mother/partner conflict on children’s externalizing behavior. Working paper 08-07-FF. Princeton: Center for Research on Child Wellbeing.
- Ryan, R., Kalil, A., & Leininger, L. (2009). Low-income mothers’ private safety nets and children’s socioemotional wellbeing. Journal of Marriage and the Family., 71(2), 278–298. CrossRef
- Osborne, C., & McLanahan, S. (2007). Partnership instability and child wellbeing. Journal of Marriage and Family, 69, 1065–1083. CrossRef
- Riesch, S. K., Anderson, L. S., Pridham, K. A., Lutz, K. F., & Becker, P. T. (2010). Furthering the Understanding of parent–child relationships: A nursing scholarship review series. Part 5: Parent–adolescent and teen parent–child relationships. JSPN, 15, 3.
- DeVore, E. R., & Ginsburg, K. R. (2005). The protective effects of good parenting on adolescents. Current Opinion in Pediatrics, 17, 460–465. CrossRef
- Commendador, K. A. (2010). Parental influences on adolescent decision making and contraceptive use. Pediatric Nursing, 36(3), 147–156.
- Kwok, S. Y., & Shek, D. T. (2010). Hopelessness, parent-adolescent communication, and suicidal ideation among Chinese adolescents in Hong Kong. Suicide and Lifethreatening Behavior, 40(3), 224–233. CrossRef
- Jang, S. A., Cho, N., & Yoo, J. (2011). Understanding the antecedents of Korean high school students’ drinking refusal self-efficacy: Parental influence, peer influence, and behavior. Global Journal of Health Science, 4(1), 10–21. CrossRef
- Rai, A. A., Stanton, B., Wu, Y., Li, X., Galbraith, J., Cottrell, L., et al. (2003). Relative influences of perceived parental monitoring and perceived peer involvement on adolescent risk behaviors: An analysis of six cross-sectional data sets. Journal of Adolescent Health, 33(2), 108–118. CrossRef
- Suldo, S. M., & Huebner, E. S. (2004). The role of life satisfaction in the relationship between authoritative parenting dimensions and adolescent problem behavior. Social Indicators Research, 66(1–2), 165–195. CrossRef
- Karriker-Jaffe, K. J., Foshee, V. A., Ennett, S. T., Suchindran, C. (2012). Associations of neighborhood and family factors with trajectories of physical and social aggression during adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. (Epub ahead of print).
- Aufseeser, D, Jekielek, S, & Brown, B. (2006). The family environment and adolescent well-being: Exposure to positive and negative family influences. Washington, D.C.: Child Trends; and San Francisco, CA: National Adolescent Health Information Center, University of California, San Francisco.
- Hair, E. C., Moore, K. A., Garret, S. B., Kinukawa, A., Lippman, L., & Michelson, E. (2005). The parentadolescent relationship scale. In K. A. Moore & L. Lippman (Eds.), What do children need to flourish? Conceptualizing and measuring indicators of positive development (pp. 183–202). New York, NY: Kluwer Academic/Plenium Press. CrossRef
- The Effect of Parental Involvement on Problematic Social Behaviors Among School-Age Children in Kentucky
Maternal and Child Health Journal
Volume 16, Issue 2 Supplement, pp 287-297
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Social behavior
- School-age children
- Parental involvement
- Healthy role modeling
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Division of Maternal and Child Health, Kentucky Department for Public Health, 275 East Main Street, Frankfort, KY, 40601, USA
- 2. College of Public Health, University of Kentucky, 111 Washington Avenue, Lexington, KY, 40536-0003, USA
- 3. Division of Prevention and Quality Improvement, Kentucky Department for Public Health, 275 East Main Street, Frankfort, KY, 40601, USA