Maternal and Child Health Journal

, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 415–423

Language and Immigrant Status Effects on Disparities in Hispanic Children’s Health Status and Access to Health Care

Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10995-012-0988-9

Cite this article as:
Avila, R.M. & Bramlett, M.D. Matern Child Health J (2013) 17: 415. doi:10.1007/s10995-012-0988-9

Abstract

The objective of this study is to estimate Hispanic/non-Hispanic (nH)-white health disparities and assess the extent to which disparities can be explained by immigrant status and household primary language. The 2007 National Survey of Children’s Health was funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau, and conducted by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics as a module of the State and Local Area Integrated Telephone Survey. We calculated disparities for various health indicators between Hispanic and nH-white children, and used logistic regression to adjust them for socio-economic and demographic characteristics, primary language spoken in the household, and the child’s immigrant status. Controlling for language and immigrant status greatly reduces health disparities, although it does not completely eliminate all disparities showing poorer outcomes for Hispanic children. English-speaking and nonimmigrant Hispanic children are more similar to nH-white children than are Hispanic children in non-English speaking households or immigrant children. Hispanic/nH-white health disparities among children are largely driven by that portion of the Hispanic population that is either newly-arrived to this country or does not speak primarily English in the household.

Keywords

ChildHealth disparitiesLanguage barriersImmigrant health

Abbreviations

NSCH

National Survey of Children’s Health

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

SES

Socio-economic status

SHCN

Special health care needs

MSA

Metropolitan statistical area

EBD

Emotional, behavioral and developmental

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC (outside the USA)  2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Health Interview StatisticsNational Center for Health StatisticsHyattsvilleUSA
  2. 2.Division of Health Interview StatisticsNational Center for Health StatisticsHyattsvilleUSA