Jones, K. L. (2011). The effects of alcohol on fetal development. Birth Defects Research. Part C, Embryo Today,
Lebel, C., Roussotte, F., & Sowell, E. R. (2011). Imagining the impact of prenatal alcohol exposure on the structure of the developing human brain. Neuropsychology Review,
Riley, E. P., Infante, M. A., & Warren, K. R. (2011). Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: An overview. Neuropsychology Review,
Centers for Disease Control, Prevention. (2004). Alcohol consumption among women who are pregnant or who might become pregnant—United States, 2002. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report,
Ethen, M. K., Ramadhani, T. A., Scheuerle, A. E., Canfield, M. A., Wyszynski, D. F., Druschel, C. M., et al. (2009). National birth defects prevention study. Alcohol consumption by women before and during pregnancy. Maternal Child Health Journal,
U.S. Clinical Preventive Services Task Force. The guide to clinical preventive services 2010–2011. Available at: http://www.ahrq.gov/clinic/pocketgd1011/pocketgd1011.pdf
. Accessed September 28, 2011.
Sullivan, E., & Fleming, M. (1997). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. A guide to substance abuse services for primary care physicians. Treatment improvement protocol (TIP) series 24. DHHS publication no. (SMA)97-3139. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Committee on Ethics. ACOG Committee Opinion. Number 294. (May 2004). At-risk drinking and illicit drug use: Ethical issues in obstetric and gynecological practice. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 103(5 Pt 1), 1021–1031.
Carson, G., Cox, L. V., Crane, J., Croteau, P., Graves, L., Kluka, S., et al. (2010). Alcohol use and pregnancy consensus clinical guidelines. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada,
(8 Suppl 3), S1–S31.PubMed
American College of Obstetric and Gynecology (ACOG). (1995). Domestic violence. Washington, DC: ACOG Technical Bulletin 209.
American Medical Association (AMA) House of Delegates. (2005). Policy H-515.965. Family and intimate partner violence. Chicago, IL: AMA.
Harrison, P. A., & Sidebottom, A. C. (2008). Systematic prenatal screening for psychosocial risks. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved,
Harrison, P. A., Godecker, A., & Sidebottom, A. C. (2011). Psychosocial risk screening during pregnancy: Additional risks identified during a second interview. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved,
Williams, J. B., Gibbon, M., First, M. B., Spitzer, R. L., Davies, M., Boris, J., et al. (1992). The structured clinical interview for DSM-III-R (SCID). II. Multisite test-retest reliability. Archives of General Psychiatry,
American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Research Triangle Institute. (2003). 2004 National survey on drug use and health, CAI specs for programming, English Version. Rockville, MD: Substance abuse and mental health services administration.
Cherpitel, C. J. (2000). A brief screening instrument for problem drinking in the emergency room: The RAPS4. Rapid alcohol problems screen. Journal of Studies on Alcohol,
First, M. B., Spitzer, R. L., Gibbon, M., & Williams, J. (2005). Structured clinical interview for DSM-IV-TR axis I disorders, research version-patient edition (SCID-I/P). New York: Biometrics Research Department, New York State Psychiatric Institute.
Skre, I., Onstad, S., Torgersen, S., & Kringlen, E. (1991). High interrater reliability for the structured clinical interview for DSM-III-R axis I (SCID-I). Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica,
Zanarini, M. C., & Frankenburg, F. R. (2001). Attainment and maintenance of reliability of axis I and axis II disorders over the course of a longitudinal study. Comprehensive Psychiatry,
Zanarini, M. C., Skodol, A. E., Bender, D., Dolan, R., Sanislow, C., Schaefer, E., et al. (2000). The collaborative longitudinal personality disorders study: Reliability of axis I and axis II diagnoses. Journal of Personality Disorders,
Cohen, L. S., Altshuler, L. L., Harlow, B. L., Nonacs, R., Newport, D. J., Viguera, A. C., et al. (2006). Relapse of major depression in women who maintain or discontinue antidepressant treatment. Journal of the American Medical Association,
Moylan, P. L., Jones, H. E., Haug, N. A., Kissin, W. B., & Svikis, D. S. (2001). Clinical and psychosocial characteristics of substance-dependent pregnant women with and without PTSD. Addictive Behaviors,
SPSS for Windows, Rel. 17.0.0. 2008. Chicago: SPSS Inc.
Sarkar, M., Einarson, T., & Goren, G. (2010). Comparing the effectiveness of TWEAK and T-ACE in determining problem drinkers in pregnancy. Alcohol and Alcoholism,
Hicks, M., Sauve, R. S., Lyon, A. W., Clarke, M., & Tough, S. (2003). Alcohol use and abuse in pregnancy: An evaluation of the merits of screening. The Canadian Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Review,
Albright, B. B., & Rayburn, W. F. (2009). Substance abuse among reproductive age women. Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America,
Floyd, R. L., Weber, M. K., Denny, C., & O’Connor, M. J. (2009). Prevention of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews,
Magnussen, A., Goransson, M., & Heilig, M. (2007). Hazardous alcohol users during pregnancy: Psychiatric health and personality traits. Drug and Alcohol Dependence,
Chang, G., Orav, E. J., Jones, J. A., Buynitsky, T., Gonzalez, S., & Wilkins-Haug, L. (2011). Self-reported alcohol and drug use in pregnant young women: A pilot study of associated factors and identification. Journal of Addiction Medicine,
Flynn, H. A., & Chermack, S. T. (2008). Prenatal alcohol use: The role of lifetime problems with alcohol, drugs, depression, and violence. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs,
Harrison, P. A., & Sidebottom, A. C. (2009). Alcohol and drug use before and during pregnancy: An examination of use patterns and predictors of cessation. Maternal Child Health Journal,
National Institute of Alcohol Abuse, Alcoholism. (2004). NIAAA council approves definition of binge drinking. NIAAA Newsletter,
Department of Health, Human Services. (2008). Alcohol: A woman’s health issue. Washington, DC: National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. NIH publication no. 03 4956.
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2006). Drinking and reproductive health. A fetal alcohol spectrum disorders prevention tool kit
. Available at http://www.acog.org/departments/healthIssues/FASDToolKit.pdf
. Accessed September 28, 2011.
U. S. Surgeon General. Advisory on Alcohol Use in Pregnancy. (Press Release), February 21, 2005 (available at http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/pressreleases/sg02222005.html
. Accessed September 28, 2011.
Maier, S. E., & West, J. R. (2001). Drinking patterns and alcohol-related birth defects. Alcohol Research and Health,
Ismail, S., Buckley, S., Budacki, R., Jabbar, A., & Gallicano, G. I. (2010). Screening, diagnosing and prevention of fetal alcohol syndrome: Is the syndrome treatable? Developmental of Neuroscience,
Jacobson, J. L., & Jacobson, S. W. (1999). Drinking moderately and pregnancy. Effects on child development. Alcohol Research and Health,
Sokol, R. J., Martier, S. S., & Ager, J. W. (1989). The T-ACE questions: Practical prenatal detection of risk-drinking. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology,
Russell, M. (1994). New assessment tools for risk drinking during pregnancy: T-ACE, TWEAK and others. Alcohol Health and Research World,
Russell, M., Martier, S. S., Sokol, R. J., Mudar, P., Bottoms, S., Jacobson, S., et al. (1994). Screening for pregnancy risk-drinking. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research,
Yonkers, K. A., Gotman, M. S., Kershaw, T., Forrat, A., Howell, H. B., & Rounsaville, B. J. (2010). Screening for prenatal substance use: Development of the substance use risk profile-pregnancy scale. Obstetrics and Gynecology,
Burns, E., Gray, R., & Smith, L. A. (2010). Brief screening questionnaires to identify problem drinking during pregnancy: A systematic review. Addiction,
Gilman, S., Breslau, J., Subramanian, S., Hitsman, B., & Koenen, K. (2008). Social factors, psychopathology and maternal smoking during pregnancy. American Journal of Public Health,
Leonardson, G. R., & Loudenburg, R. (2003). Risk factors for alcohol use during pregnancy in a multi-state area. Neurotoxicology and Teratology,
Meschke, L. L., Hellerstedt, W., Holl, J. A., & Messelt, S. (2008). Correlates of prenatal alcohol use. Maternal Child Health Journal,
Public Health Agency of Canada. Research Update. Alcohol use and Pregnancy: An important Canadian public health and social issue (2006). Available at http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/publicat/fasd-ru-ectaf-pr-06/index-eng.php
. Accessed on September 28, 2011.
Gjerdingen, D., McGovern, P., & Cebter, B. (2011). Problems with a diagnostic depression interview in a postpartum depression trial. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine,
Chasnoff, I. (1989). Drug use and women. Establishing a standard of care. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences,