Maternal and Child Health Journal

, Volume 12, Supplement 1, pp 46–54

American Indian Breastfeeding Attitudes and Practices in Minnesota

  • Kristine L. Rhodes
  • Wendy L. Hellerstedt
  • Cynthia S. Davey
  • Phyllis L. Pirie
  • Kathleen A. Daly
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10995-008-0310-z

Cite this article as:
Rhodes, K.L., Hellerstedt, W.L., Davey, C.S. et al. Matern Child Health J (2008) 12(Suppl 1): 46. doi:10.1007/s10995-008-0310-z

Abstract

Objectives We examined the breastfeeding attitudes and practices in an American Indian population in Minnesota. Methods We interviewed women prenatally (n = 380), at 2-weeks (n = 342) and at 6-months postpartum (n = 256). We conducted multivariable analyses to examine the demographic, behavioral, and attitudinal correlates of breastfeeding initiation and duration. Results Factors positively associated with breastfeeding initiation included positive breastfeeding attitudes and social support for breastfeeding from the woman’s husband/boyfriend and her mother. Factors positively associated with breastfeeding at 2-weeks postpartum were support from the woman’s mother and positive attitudes about breastfeeding. The prenatal use of traditional American Indian medicines and cigarette smoking were both significantly associated with breastfeeding at 6-months postpartum. Conclusions Programs to encourage breastfeeding in American Indian communities may be strengthened with protocols to encourage social support, recognition of the perceived health, developmental, and practical benefits of breastfeeding, and a focus on traditional American Indian health practices.

Keywords

American IndianBreastfeedingSocial supportTraditional medicineInfant healthPerinatal health

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kristine L. Rhodes
    • 1
  • Wendy L. Hellerstedt
    • 1
  • Cynthia S. Davey
    • 2
  • Phyllis L. Pirie
    • 1
    • 3
  • Kathleen A. Daly
    • 4
  1. 1.Division of Epidemiology and Community HealthUniversity of Minnesota School of Public HealthMinneapolisUSA
  2. 2.Division of BiostatisticsUniversity of Minnesota School of Public HealthMinneapolisUSA
  3. 3.Ohio State University College of Public HealthColumbusUSA
  4. 4.Department of Otolaryngology, Otitis Media Research CenterUniversity of Minnesota School of MedicineMinneapolisUSA