, Volume 10, Issue 1 Supplement, pp 189-193,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 03 Jun 2006

Toxoplasmosis, Cytomegalovirus, Listeriosis, and Preconception Care

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Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii), cytomegalovirus (CMV), and Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes) can all negatively affect pregnancy outcomes. Preconception counseling about such effects can reduce the risks posed by these pathogens. Informing women of childbearing age about these pathogens and how to prevent their negative effects can help women make informed decisions about prevention. This brief summarizes some basic information about these infections and provides some web sites and articles for further information about how to prevent them within the context of preconception care.

Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii), a protozoan parasite mainly transmitted to humans via three routes: a) ingestion of raw or undercooked contaminated meat; b) exposure to T. gondii oocysts (a form of the organism passed in cat feces), through cat litter or soil (e.g., from gardening or unwashed fruits or vegetables), or contaminated water; and c) congenital in which ma ...

The findings and conclusions in this report have not been formally disseminated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and should not be construed to represent any agency determination or policy.