Language Policy

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 95–116

From protector to producer: the role of the State in the discursive shift from minority rights to economic development

Authors

    • Department of FrenchUniversity of Toronto
  • Monica Heller
    • CRÉFO, Ontario Institute for Studies in EducationUniversity of Toronto
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10993-009-9127-x

Cite this article as:
da Silva, E. & Heller, M. Lang Policy (2009) 8: 95. doi:10.1007/s10993-009-9127-x

Abstract

This paper explores the challenges that neoliberalism and the globalized new economy present to the politics of linguistic minority movements by ethnographically examining language policy as a discursive process, rooted in political economy. Following the post-WWII period, as most Western States restructured from welfarism to neoliberalism, there was a shift away from minority (language) rights towards economic development. In Canada, where State policy maintains a French–English “linguistic duality”, francophone regions outside Quebec became sites of discursive struggle, following the collapse of the old economy, between (1) a focus on the collective reproduction of “community” (maintaining language, culture and identity), and (2) the State’s focus on facilitating individual economic reproduction. What emerges is an attempt by the State, and certain community actors to save the traditional francophone minority collectivity by focusing on the “community economic development” of rural bastions, rather than the economic integration of individual francophones living in diverse, urban areas.

Keywords

Linguistic minoritiesNeoliberalismGlobalizationPolitical economyFrancophone CanadaEthnographic sociolinguistics

Abbreviations

FCFA

Fédération des communautés francophones et acadienne du Canada

OLA

Official languages act

HRDC

Human resources and development Canada

RDÉE

Réseau de développement économique et d’employabilité

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009