Adamson, Bob (2002). Barbarian as a foreign language: English in China’s schools. World Englishes, 21
(2), 231–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bamgbose, Ayo (2003). A recurring decimal: English in language policy and planning. World Englishes, 22
(4), 419–431.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brown, Douglas H. (2001). Teaching by principles: An interactive approach to language pedagogy
(2nd ed.). White Plains: Longman.Google Scholar
Butler, Yuko G., & Iino, Masakazu (2005). Current Japanese reforms in English language education: The 2003 “Action Plan”. Language Policy, 4
(1), 25–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cameron, Lynne (2003). Challenges for ELT from the expansion in teaching children. ELT Journal, 57
(2), 105–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cenoz, Jasone (2003). The influence of age on the acquisition of English: General proficiency, attitudes and code-mixing. In María del Pilar García Mayo & María Luisa García Lecumberri (Eds.), Age and the acquisition of English as a foreign language (pp. 23–58). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
Chen, Lin, Wang, Qiang, & Cheng, Xiaotang (Eds.), (2002). Yingyu kecheng biaozhun jiedu. [Interpretations of English curriculum standards.] Beijing: Beijing Normal University Press.
Esch, Kees V. (2003). Language policy and language educational policy from a European perspective. The Modern Language Journal, 87
(2), 292–294.Google Scholar
Hao, Jianping (2000). Tan yingyu kecheng biaozhun de jige tedian. [On features of English curriculum standards.] Zhongxiaoxue Yingyu Huoye Wenxuan [Selected Readings on Primary and Secondary School English], (2), 1–3.
Ho, Wah Kam, & Wong, Ruth Y. L. (Eds.), (2004). English language teaching in East Asia today: Changing policies and practices. Singapore: Eastern Universities Press.
Hu, Guangwei (2005). English language education in China: Policies, progress, and problems. Language Policy, 4
(1), 5–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Johnstone, Richard (2000). Early language learning in formal education. In Michael Byram (Ed.), Routledge encyclopedia of language teaching and learning
(pp. 188–193). London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Jung, Soo Kyung, & Norton, Bonny (2002). Language planning in Korea: The new primary English␣program. In James W. Tollefson (Ed.), Language policies in education: Critical issues
(pp. 245–265). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Kachru, Braj B. (1985). Standards, codification and sociolinguistic realism: The English language in the outer circle. In Randolph Quirk & Henry G. Widdowson (Eds.), English in the world
(pp. 11–30). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Kaplan, Robert B. (1994). Language policy and planning: Fundamental issues. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 14
, 3–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lam, Agnes (2002). English in education in China: Policy changes and learners’ experiences. World Englishes, 21
(2), 245–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lambert, Richard D. (2001). Adult use and language choice in foreign language policy. In Robert L. Cooper, Elana Shohamy, & Joel Walters (Eds.), New perspectives and issues in educational language policy: A festschrift for Bernard Dov Spolsky
(pp. 171–196). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.Google Scholar
Li, Jianping (2001a). Xiaoxue weihe yao kaishe yingyuke? Xiaoxue yingyu jiaoxue ruhe kaizhan? Yingyu shizi you gai ruhe jiejue? Jiaoyubu youguanfangmian fuzeren xishuo duanxiang. [Why to teach English in primary schools? How to teach English in primary schools? How to solve the teacher shortage problem? Details from an official in the Ministry of Education.] Zhongguo Jiaoyubao [China Education Daily], 13 March, p. 2.
Li, Jianping (2001b). Ruhe tuijin xiaoxue kaishe yingyu kecheng. [How to promote the teaching of English in primary schools.] Zhongguo Jiaoyubao [China Education Daily], 6 June, p. 4.
Li, Lanqing (2005). Education for 1.3 billion. Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press and Pearson Education Asia.
Li, Lianning (2001). Tan xiaoxue kaishe yingyu kecheng de jueding yu gongzuo bushu. [On the decision to teach English in primary schools and work plans.] Zhongxiaoxue Yingyu Huoye Wenxuan [Selected Readings on Primary and Secondary School English], (8), 1–3.
Liu, Daoyi (2001). Xiaoxue kai waiyu buzi yao wentuo. [Well-planned steps for the teaching of foreign languages in primary schools.] Guangming Ribao [Guangming Daily], 15 February, p. 5.
Liu, Daoyi, & Gong, Yafu (2001). Zhongguo xuexiao waiyu jiaoyu de fazhan. [The development of foreign language education in China’s schools.] Zhongxiaoxue Waiyu Jiaoxue [Foreign Language Teaching in Schools], (1), 1–3.
Lu, Ziwen (2003). Zhongguo waiyu jiaoyu zhengce de shiran fenxi yu yingran shexiang. [An analysis of China’s foreign language policies and tentative suggestions.] Jichu Yingyu Jiaoyu Yanjiu [Journal of Basic English Education], (1), 6–12.
Ministry of Education (2001). Jiaoyubu guanyu jiji tuijin xiaoxue kaishe yingyu kecheng de zhidao yijian. [The Ministry of Education guidelines for vigorously promoting the teaching of English in primary schools.] 18 January. Retrieved July 15, 2005, from http://www.edu.cn/20010907/3000637.shtml
Nunan, David (2003). The impact of English as a global language on educational policies and practices in the Asia-pacific region. TESOL Quarterly, 37
(4), 589–613.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ricento, Thomas (2000). Historical and theoretical perspectives in language policy and planning. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 4
(2), 196–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Scovel, Thomas (2000). A critical review of the critical period research. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 20
, 213–223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shu, Dingfang (2004). Waiyu jiaoxue gaige: Wenti yu duice. [FLT in China: Problems and suggested solutions.] Shanghai: Shanghai Foreign Language Education Press.
Sonntag, Selma K. (2003). The local politics of global English: Case studies in linguistic globalization
. Lanham: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
Spolsky, Bernard (2004). Language policy
. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Tollefson, James W. (2002). Limitations of language policy and planning. In Robert B. Kaplan (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of applied linguistics
(pp. 391–403). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Tucker, Richard G. (2001). Age of beginning instruction. TESOL Quarterly, 35
(4), 597–598.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wang, Qiang (1999a). Mianxiang 21 shiji yiwu jiaoyu jieduan waiyu kecheng gaige de sikao yu yijian. [Thoughts and suggestions on foreign language curricular reform in compulsory education facing the 21st century.] Jichu Jiaoyu Waiyu Jiaoxue Yanjiu [Foreign Language Teaching Research in Basic Education], (2), 46–50.
Wang, Qiang (1999b). Quanguo disici xiaoxue yingyu jiaoxue jiaoyan gongzuo yantaohui zongshu. [A␣summary of the fourth national symposium on primary school English teaching and research.] Zhongxiaoxue Yingyu Jiaoxue yu Yanjiu [English Teaching and Research Notes], (2), 14.
Wang, Qiang (2002). Primary school English teaching in China—New developments. English Language Teacher Education and Development, 7
, 99–108.Google Scholar
Yuan, Zhenguo (2005). Jiaoyu chaju de yanjun xianshi. [The grim reality of the education gap.] In Zhenguo Yuan (Ed.), Zhongguo jiaoyu zhengce de zhongda mingti [Narrowing the gap: A key issue in China’s educational policies] (pp. 8–84). Beijing: People’s Education Press.
Zhang, Zhiyuan (2001). Xiaoxue kai yingyu shizi peixun yao xianxing. [Training teachers prior to teaching English in primary schools.] Guangming Ribao [Guangming Daily], 1 February, p. 5.
Zhao, Yong, & Campbell, Keith P. (1995). English in China. World Englishes, 14
(3), 377–390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zheng, Wen (2000). Guanche luoshi Li Lanqing fuzongli guanyu xiaoxue yingyu jiaoxue de jianghua jingshen. [Carry out spirit of Vice Permier Lanqing Li’s speech on primary school English language teaching.] Zhejiang Jiaoxue Yanjiu [Zhejiang Teaching and Research], (4), 7.
Zheng, Wen (2001). Xiaoxue yingyu kecheng fazhan beijing jianjie. [A brief overview of the development of primary English education.] Zhejiang Jiaoxue Yanjiu [Zhejiang Teaching and Research], (3), 19–20.