Landscape Ecology

, Volume 23, Supplement 1, pp 37–53

Influence of landscape structure on reef fish assemblages

Authors

    • Department of Fisheries and Aquatic SciencesUniversity of Florida
    • US Geological Survey
    • National Marine Protected Areas CenterNOAA
  • Thomas K. Frazer
    • Department of Fisheries and Aquatic SciencesUniversity of Florida
  • James P. Beets
    • Department of Marine SciencesUniversity of Hawaii-Hilo
  • William J. Lindberg
    • Department of Fisheries and Aquatic SciencesUniversity of Florida
  • Paul Zwick
    • Department of Urban and Regional PlanningUniversity of Florida
  • Nicholas A. Funicelli
    • US Geological Survey
Research Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10980-007-9147-x

Cite this article as:
Grober-Dunsmore, R., Frazer, T.K., Beets, J.P. et al. Landscape Ecol (2008) 23: 37. doi:10.1007/s10980-007-9147-x

Abstract

Management of tropical marine environments calls for interdisciplinary studies and innovative methodologies that consider processes occurring over broad spatial scales. We investigated relationships between landscape structure and reef fish assemblage structure in the US Virgin Islands. Measures of landscape structure were transformed into a reduced set of composite indices using principal component analyses (PCA) to synthesize data on the spatial patterning of the landscape structure of the study reefs. However, composite indices (e.g., habitat diversity) were not particularly informative for predicting reef fish assemblage structure. Rather, relationships were interpreted more easily when functional groups of fishes were related to individual habitat features. In particular, multiple reef fish parameters were strongly associated with reef context. Fishes responded to benthic habitat structure at multiple spatial scales, with various groups of fishes each correlated to a unique suite of variables. Accordingly, future experiments should be designed to test functional relationships based on the ecology of the organisms of interest. Our study demonstrates that landscape-scale habitat features influence reef fish communities, illustrating promise in applying a landscape ecology approach to better understand factors that structure coral reef ecosystems. Furthermore, our findings may prove useful in design of spatially-based conservation approaches such as marine protected areas (MPAs), because landscape-scale metrics may serve as proxies for areas with high species diversity and abundance within the coral reef landscape.

Keywords

Coral reefsLandscape ecologyContextMarine protected areasHabitat diversityCaribbean

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007