Landscape Ecology

, Volume 21, Issue 6, pp 849–865

Modelling forest recolonization by an epiphytic lichen using a landscape genetic approach

  • Helene H. Wagner
  • Silke Werth
  • Jesse M. Kalwij
  • Jacqueline C. Bolli
  • Christoph Scheidegger
Research Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10980-005-5567-7

Cite this article as:
Wagner, H.H., Werth, S., Kalwij, J.M. et al. Landscape Ecol (2006) 21: 849. doi:10.1007/s10980-005-5567-7
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Abstract

The process of recolonization after disturbance is crucial for the persistence and dynamics of patch-tracking metapopulations. We developed a model to compare the spatial distribution and spatial genetic structure of the epiphytic lichen Lobaria pulmonaria within the perimeter of two reconstructed 19th century disturbances with a nearby reference area without stand-level disturbance. Population genetic data suggested that after stand-replacing disturbance, each plot was colonized by one or a few genotypes only, which subsequently spread clonally within a local neighborhood. The model (cellular automaton) aimed at testing the validity of this interpretation and at assessing the relative importance of local dispersal of clonal propagules vs. long-distance dispersal of clonal and/or sexual diaspores. A reasonable model fit was reached for the empirical data on host tree distribution, lichen distribution, and tree- and plot-level genotype diversity of the lichen in the reference area. Although model calibration suggested a predominance of local dispersal of clonal propagules, a substantial contribution of immigration of non-local genotypes by long-distance dispersal was needed to reach the observed levels of genotype diversity. The model could not fully explain the high degree of clonality after stand-replacing disturbance, suggesting that the dispersal process itself may not be stationary but depend on the ecological conditions related to disturbance.

Keywords

Cellular automatonDisturbanceEpiphytesForest dynamicsGenetic structureLobaria pulmonariaPopulation genetics

Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helene H. Wagner
    • 1
  • Silke Werth
    • 1
  • Jesse M. Kalwij
    • 1
  • Jacqueline C. Bolli
    • 1
  • Christoph Scheidegger
    • 1
  1. 1.WSL Swiss Federal Research InstituteBirmensdorfSwitzerland