Mechanical properties of the extracellular matrix alter expression of smooth muscle protein LPP and its partner palladin; relationship to early atherosclerosis and vascular injury
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- Jin, L., Hastings, N.E., Blackman, B.R. et al. J Muscle Res Cell Motil (2009) 30: 41. doi:10.1007/s10974-009-9173-1
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Lipoma preferred partner (LPP) localizes to focal adhesions/dense bodies, is selectively expressed in smooth muscle cells (SMC) and enhances cell migration. SMCs cultured on denatured collagen or on a rigid substrate, up regulated expression of LPP, its partner palladin, tenascin C (TN-C), phosphorylated focal adhesion kinase (pFAK) and exhibited robust stress fibers. In an endothelial (EC)/SMC hemodynamic flow system, shear stress waveforms mimicking atheroprone flow, applied to the EC layer, significantly decreased expression of SMC LPP and palladin. They were also down regulated with TN-C, in an ApoE murine model of atherosclerosis and with oxidative stress but up regulated in an arterial injury model in response to upstream sequential changes in pFAK, Prx1 and TN-C. In conclusion, expression of LPP and palladin are modulated by a mix of mechanical cues, oxidative stress and substrate composition which translate into their up or down regulation in vessel wall injury and early atherogenesis.