, Volume 100, Issue 3, pp 1027-1036

Thermogravimetric study of 8-hydroxyquinoline 5-sulfonic acid–melamine–formaldehyde terpolymer resins-II

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Abstract

The title terpolymer (8-HQ5-SAMF-II) is synthesized by the condensation of 8-hydroxyquinoline 5-sulfonic acid (8-HQ5-SA) and melamine (M) with formaldehyde (F) in the presence of acid catalyst and using 2:1:3 M proportions of the reacting monomers. The synthesized terpolymer resin is then characterized by different physicochemical techniques viz. number average molecular mass determination, intrinsic viscosity determination, and spectral studies like UV–Visible, IR, 1H NMR, and 13C NMR spectra. The morphology of synthesized terpolymer was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The thermogravimetry of the terpolymer resin prepared in this study has been carried out by non-isothermal thermogravimetry technique in which sample is subjected to condition of continuous increase in temperature at linear rate. Thermal study of the resin was carried out to determine their mode of decomposition and relative thermal stabilities. Thermal decomposition curves were studied carefully with minute details. The Freeman-Carroll and Sharp-Wentworth methods have been used in the present investigation to calculate thermal activation energy and different kinetic parameter of the terpolymer resins. Thermal activation energy E a calculated with the two above-mentioned methods are in close agreement. The advantage of Freeman-Carroll method is to calculate both the order of reaction n and energy of activation in one single stage by keeping heating rate constant. By using data of thermogravimetry, various thermodynamic parameters like frequency factor Z, entropy change ΔS, free energy change ΔF, and apparent entropy S* have been determined using Freeman-Carroll method.