, Volume 56, Issue 3, pp 333-339
Date: 24 Aug 2010

Sol–gel synthesis, characterization and catalytic activity of mesoporous γ-alumina prepared from boehmite sol by different methods

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Abstract

In this study, boehmite sols were used as alumina precursors for preparing mesoporous γ-aluminas by two different methods. In one case polyethylenimine was used as a structure-directing agent, and in another case ultrasound treatment was applied. Nitrogen physisorption showed that aluminas that had been prepared by these methods demonstrated different porous structures. The sample obtained without additional treatment had closely packed spherical particles and pores had ink-bottle neck morphology. Ultrasound treatment led to the transformation of ink-bottle pores into cylindrical form and to the increase in surface area and pore volume. Aluminas prepared using polyethylenimine as a template showed larger cylindrical wormhole-like mesopores with a broader pore size distribution, high surface area and pore volume. Catalytic tests showed that textural properties as well as crystallite size were very important parameters of synthesized samples which affected the catalytic activity in the methanol dehydration reaction. It was found that γ-Al2O3 prepared by ultrasound treatment had large crystallite size and demonstrated high catalytic activity.