Synthesis and properties of Co–Pt alloy silica core-shell particles
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- Kobayashi, Y., Kakinuma, H., Nagao, D. et al. J Sol-Gel Sci Technol (2008) 47: 16. doi:10.1007/s10971-008-1740-1
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This paper describes a method for fabrication of silica-coated Co–Pt alloy nanoparticles in a liquid phase process. The Co–Pt nanoparticles were prepared from CoCl2 (4.2 × 10−5 M), H2PtCl6 (1.8 × 10−5 M), citric acid (4 × 10−4 M) and NaBH4 (1.2 × 10−2 M) with a Co:Pt mole ratio of 7:3. The silica coating was performed in water/ethanol solution with a silane coupling agent, 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane (8 × 10−5 M), and a silica source, tetraethoxyorthosilicate (7.2 × 10−4 M) in the presence of the Co–Pt nanoparticles. Observations with a transmittance electron microscope and a scanning transmission electron microscope revealed that the Co-rich and Pt-rich nanoparticles were coated with silica. According to X-ray diffraction measurements, core particles were crystallized to metallic Co crystallites and fcc Co–Pt alloy crystallites with annealing in air at 300–500 °C. Magnetic properties of the silica-coated particles were strongly dependent on annealing temperature. Maximum values of 11.4 emu/g-sample for saturation magnetization and 365 Oe for coercive field were obtained for the particles annealed at 300 and 500 °C, respectively. Annealing at a temperature as high as 700 °C destroyed the coating structures because of crystallization of silica shell, resulting in reduction in saturation magnetization and coercive field.