, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 9-16
Date: 22 Nov 2008

Ratiocinative screen of eukaryotic integral membrane protein expression and solubilization for structure determination

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Abstract

Persistent hurdles impede the successful determination of high-resolution crystal structures of eukaryotic integral membrane proteins (IMP). We designed a high-throughput structural genomics oriented pipeline that seeks to minimize effort in uncovering high-quality, responsive non-redundant targets for crystallization. This “discovery-oriented” pipeline sidesteps two significant bottlenecks in the IMP structure determination pipeline: expression and membrane extraction with detergent. In addition, proteins that enter the pipeline are then rapidly vetted by their presence in the included volume on a size-exclusion column—a hallmark of well-behaved IMP targets. A screen of 384 rationally selected eukaryotic IMPs in baker’s yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is outlined to demonstrate the results expected when applying this discovery-oriented pipeline to whole-organism membrane proteomes.

Franklin A. Hays and Zygy Roe-Zurz have contributed equally to this work.