Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 295, Issue 3, pp 2071–2075

Detection of unexploded ordnance by PGNAA based borehole-logging


DOI: 10.1007/s10967-012-2215-y

Cite this article as:
Kettler, J., Mauerhofer, E. & Steinbusch, M. J Radioanal Nucl Chem (2013) 295: 2071. doi:10.1007/s10967-012-2215-y


The performance of a borehole-logging system, based on prompt-gamma-neutron-activation-analysis (PGNAA), for explosive detection was studied by Monte-Carlo simulations. The prompt gamma of nitrogen, which is a constituent of common explosive, was used to identify the unexploded ordnance (UXO). Our results show that the minimum counting time depends on the soil moisture, the cladding thickness and the explosive composition. In conjunction with the standard detection by magnetometry, the PGNAA is a promising analytical technique for definitive identification of deep buried UXOs.


PGNAA Borehole-logging Explosive Prompt gamma MCNP UXO 



Prompt gamma neutron activation analysis


Unexploded ordnance

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Kettler
    • 1
    • 2
  • Eric Mauerhofer
    • 1
  • Marco Steinbusch
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Energy and Climate ResearchNuclear Waste Management and Reactor Safety, Research Centre Jülich GmbHJülichGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Nuclear Fuel CycleRWTH-Aachen UniversityAachenGermany

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