, 19:9872
Date: 25 Apr 2012

Blends of thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) and polydimethyl siloxane rubber (PDMS), part-I: assessment of compatibility from torque rheometry and mechanical properties

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Abstract

Thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) and polydimethyl siloxane rubber (PDMS) are two major polymers used extensively for biomedical applications. Blending of these polymers combines the superior mechanical properties, abrasion resistance, solvent resistance and aging resistance of TPU with chemical stability, inertness, flexibility and biocompatibility of PDMS. In the present investigation, an 80:20 blend of TPU and PDMS was selected for the preparation of an in situ compatibilized blend using ethylene methyl acrylate copolymer (EMA) as the compatibilizer. Effect of EMA on blends of ester type and ether type TPU with PDMS was studied. From the results obtained from torque rheometry, mechanical property evaluation, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), it was concluded that 5 wt% of compatibilizer effectively compatibilized an 80:20 blend of ester type TPU and PDMS, whereas similar blend of ether type TPU required only 2 wt% compatibilizer.