Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 42, Issue 10, pp 1596–1610

Neighborhood, Family and Individual Influences on School Physical Victimization

Empirical Research

DOI: 10.1007/s10964-012-9890-4

Cite this article as:
Foster, H. & Brooks-Gunn, J. J Youth Adolescence (2013) 42: 1596. doi:10.1007/s10964-012-9890-4


Few studies on the correlates of school violence include school and neighborhood influences. We use ecological systems theory and social disorganization theory to simultaneously incorporate neighborhood (e.g., concentrated poverty, residential instability, and immigrant concentration), school, family, and individual predictors of physical school victimization longitudinally among a large socio-economically and ethnically diverse (49 % Hispanic; 34 % African American) sample of 6 and 9 year olds (49 % female) from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods. These children were followed up at Wave II at ages 8 and 11 (n = 1,425). Results of Hierarchical Generalized Linear Models reveal neighborhood residential instability increases school victimization net of family and individual correlates. Furthermore, cross-level interactions were also supported where residential family mobility has a stronger risk influence in areas of high residential instability. Also, the influence of residential family mobility is decreased in areas with higher levels of immigrant concentration. We also found cross-context connections where parent-to-child aggression in the home is connected to a higher risk of victimization at school. The role of neighborhood and family residential instability on victimization warrants further research.


School victimizationEcological perspectiveNeighborhood influencesFamily influencesIndividual influences

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  2. 2.National Center for Children and FamiliesColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA