Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 41, Issue 6, pp 691–703

Do Peers Matter in the Development of Self-Control? Evidence from a Longitudinal Study of Youth

Empirical Research

DOI: 10.1007/s10964-011-9692-0

Cite this article as:
Meldrum, R.C. & Hay, C. J Youth Adolescence (2012) 41: 691. doi:10.1007/s10964-011-9692-0

Abstract

According to Gottfredson and Hirschi’s self-control theory, child and adolescent variation in self-control results primarily from variations in parental socialization. Although much research reveals a link between parenting and self-control, many recent studies indicate that the etiology of self-control is more complex than what has been theoretically specified. In further considering this issue, the current study first presents a theoretical model that emphasizes the role that peers may play in the development of self-control, even when accounting for the influence of parents. Next, we empirically assess the extent to which peer behavior influences self-control during childhood. The data come from a sample of U.S. families (n = 776); 48% of the subjects are male, their age was 9 years, and non-Hispanic whites represented 84% of the sample. The analysis revealed that peer behavior is significantly associated with subsequent self-control, even after accounting for differences in parental socialization, prior self-control, and other potential sources of spuriousness. The implications of the findings for theory and future research are discussed.

Keywords

Self-controlPeersGeneral theory of crimeChildhoodAdolescence

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Criminal JusticeFlorida International UniversityMiamiUSA
  2. 2.College of Criminology and Criminal JusticeFlorida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA