Empirical Research

Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 263-277

First online:

Adolescent Thriving: The Role of Sparks, Relationships, and Empowerment

  • Peter C. ScalesAffiliated withSearch Institute Email author 
  • , Peter L. BensonAffiliated withSearch Institute
  • , Eugene C. RoehlkepartainAffiliated withSearch Institute

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


Although most social science research on adolescence emphasizes risks and challenges, an emergent field of study focuses on adolescent thriving. The current study extends this line of inquiry by examining the additive power of identifying and nurturing young people’s “sparks,” giving them “voice,” and providing the relationships and opportunities that reinforce and nourish thriving. A national sample of 1,817 adolescents, all age 15 (49% female), and including 56% white, 17% Hispanic/Latino, and 17% African-American adolescents, completed an online survey that investigated their deep passions or interests (their “sparks”), the opportunities and relationships they have to support pursuing those sparks, and how empowered they feel to make civic contributions (their “voice”). Results consistently supported the hypothesis that linking one’s spark with a sense of voice and supportive opportunities and relationships strengthens concurrent outcomes, particularly those reflecting prosociality, during a key developmental transition period. The three developmental strengths also predicted most outcomes to a greater degree than did demographics. However, less than 10 percent of 15-year-olds reported experiencing high levels of all three strengths. The results demonstrate the value of focusing on thriving in adolescence, both to reframe our understanding of this age group and to highlight the urgency of providing adolescents the opportunities and relationships they need to thrive.


Positive youth development Adolescents Well-being Thriving Support Sparks