Allen, J. P., Porter, M., Tencer, H., & Williams, F. (2003, April). Attachment as a relational construct beyond childhood: Parent and peer relationship qualities linked to attachment security. Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Tampa, FL.
Boldizar, J. P. (1991). Assessing sex typing and androgyny in children: The Children’s Sex Role Inventory. Developmental Psychology,
, 505–515. doi:10.1037/0012-16126.96.36.1995
Bowlby, J. (1969/1982). Attachment and loss, Vol. 1: Attachment (2nd ed.). New York: Basic Books.
Brown, L. M. (1998). Raising their voices: The politics of girls’ anger. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Brown, L. M., & Gilligan, C. (1992). Meeting at the crossroads: Women’s psychology and girls’ development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Brown, L. M., & Gilligan, C. (1993). Meeting at the crossroads: Women’s psychology and girls’ development. Feminism & Psychology,
, 11–35. doi:10.1177/0959353593031002
Buhrmester, D. (1990). Intimacy of friendship, interpersonal competence, and adjustment during preadolescence and adolescence. Child Development,
, 1101–1111. doi:10.2307/1130878
Cate, R., & Sugawara, A. I. (1986). Sex role orientation and dimensions of self-esteem among middle adolescents. Sex Roles,
, 145–158. doi:10.1007/BF00287480
Chodorow, N. (1978). The reproduction of mothering: Psychoanalysis and the study of gender. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Chodorow, N. (1987). Feminism and difference: Gender, relation, and difference in psychoanalytic perspective. In M. R. Walsh (Ed.), The psychology of women: Ongoing debates (pp. 246–264). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Clark, M. (1999). Adding the voices of Jewish girls to developmental theory. Women & Therapy,
, 55–68. doi:10.1300/J015v22n04_04
Cole-Detke, H., & Kobak, R. (1996). Attachment processes in eating disorder and depression. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,
, 282–290. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.64.2.282
Dorn, L. D., Crockett, L. J., & Petersen, A. C. (1988). The relations of pubertal status to intrapersonal changes in young adolescents. Journal of Early Adolescence, 8
Elicker, J., Englund, M., & Sroufe, L. A. (1992). Predicting peer competence and peer relationships in childhood from early parent–child relationships. In R. D. Parke & G. W. Ladd (Eds.), Family-peer relationships: Modes of linkage (pp. 77–106). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Furman, W. (1996). The measurement of friendship perceptions: Conceptual and methodological issues. In W. M. Bukowski, A. F. Newcomb, & W. W. Hartup (Eds.), The company they keep: Friendship in childhood and adolescence (pp. 41–62). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Furman, W., Simon, V. A., Shaffer, L., & Bouchey, H. A. (2002). Adolescents’ working models and styles for relationships with parents, friends, and romantic partners. Child Development,
, 241–255. doi:10.1111/1467-8624.00403
Gauze, C., Bukowski, W. M., Aquan-Assee, J., & Sippola, L. K. (1996). Interactions between family environment and friendship and associations with self-perceived well-being during adolescence. Child Development,
, 2201–2216. doi:10.2307/1131618
Gignac, G. E. (2006). Self-reported emotional intelligence and life satisfaction: Testing incremental predictive validity hypotheses via structural equation modeling (SEM) in a small sample. Personality and Individual Differences,
, 1569–1577. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2006.01.001
Gilligan, C. (1990). Teaching Shakespeare’s sister: Notes from the underground of female adolescence. In N. P. Lyons & T. J. Hammer (Eds.), Making connections: The relational worlds of adolescent girls at Emma Willard School (pp. 6–29). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Gilligan, C., Lyons, N. P., & Hammer, T. J. (1990). Making connections: The relational worlds of adolescent girls at Emma Willard School. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Greenberg, M. T., Siegel, J. M., & Leitch, C. J. (1983). The nature and importance of attachment relationships to parents and peers during adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence,
, 373–386. doi:10.1007/BF02088721
Hart, B. I., & Thompson, J. M. (1996). Gender role characteristics and depressive symptomatology among adolescents. The Journal of Early Adolescence,
, 407–426. doi:10.1177/0272431696016004003
Harter, S. (1995). Teenage voice. Unpublished manuscript, University of Denver.
Harter, S. (1997). The personal self in social context: Barriers to authenticity. In R. D. Ashmore & L. J. Jussim (Eds.), Self and identity: Fundamental issues (Vol. 1). New York: Oxford University Press.
Harter, S., Bresnick, S., Bouchey, H. A., & Whitesell, N. R. (1997). The development of multiple role-related selves during adolescence. Development and Psychopathology,
, 835–853. doi:10.1017/S0954579497001466
Harter, S., Waters, P., & Whitesell, N. R. (1998a). Relational self-worth: Differences in perceived worth as a person across interpersonal contexts among adolescents. Child Development,
, 756–766. doi:10.2307/1132202
Harter, S., Waters, P. L., Whitesell, N. R., & Kastelic, D. (1998b). Level of voice among female and male high school students: Relational context, support, and gender orientation. Developmental Psychology,
, 892–901. doi:10.1037/0012-16188.8.131.522
Hazan, C., & Shaver, P. (1987). Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,
, 511–524. doi:10.1037/0022-35184.108.40.2061
Hill, J. P., & Lynch, M. E. (1983). The intensification of gender-related role expectations during early adolescence. In J. Brooks-Gunn & A. C. Petersen (Eds.), Girls at puberty: Biological and psychological perspectives (pp. 201–228). New York: Plenum Press.
Hoffman, R. M., & Borders, L. D. (2001). Twenty-five years after the Bem Sex-Role Inventory: A reassessment and new issues regarding classification variability. Measurement & Evaluation in Counseling & Development,
Impett, E. A., Sorsoli, L., Schooler, D., Henson, J. M., & Tolman, D. L. (2008). Girls’ relationship authenticity and self-esteem across adolescence. Developmental Psychology,
, 722–733. doi:10.1037/0012-16220.127.116.112
Jack, D. C. (1991). Silencing the self: Women and depression. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Kerns, K. A. (1996). Individual differences in friendship quality: Links to child–mother attachment. In W. M. Bukowski, A. F. Newcomb, & W. W. Hartup (Eds.), The company they keep: Friendship in childhood and adolescence (pp. 137–157). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Kerns, K. A., Klepac, L., & Cole, A. (1996). Peer relationships and preadolescents’ perceptions of security in the child–mother relationship. Developmental Psychology,
, 457–466. doi:10.1037/0012-1618.104.22.1687
Kerns, K. A., Tomich, P. L., Aspelmeier, J. E., & Contreras, J. M. (2000). Attachment-based assessments of parent–child relationships in middle childhood. Developmental Psychology,
, 614–626. doi:10.1037/0012-1622.214.171.1244
Kobak, R. R., Cole, H. E., Ferenz-Gillies, R., Fleming, W. S., & Gamble, W. (1993). Attachment and emotion regulation during mother-teen problem solving: A control theory analysis. Child Development,
, 231–245. doi:10.2307/1131448
Lamke, L. K. (1982). The impact of sex-role orientation on self-esteem in early adolescence. Child Development,
, 1530–1535. doi:10.2307/1130080
Petersen, A. C., Crockett, L., Richards, M., & Boxer, A. (1988). A self-report measure of pubertal status: Reliability, validity, and initial norms. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 17
Petersen, A. C., Leffert, N., & Graham, B. L. (1995). Adolescent development and the emergence of sexuality. Suicide and Life Threatening Behavior, 25
Remen, A. L., Chambless, D. L., & Rodebaugh, T. L. (2002). Gender differences in the construct validity of the Silencing the Self Scale. Psychology of Women Quarterly,
, 151–159. doi:10.1111/1471-6402.00053
Rimer, S. (2007, April 1). For girls, it’s be yourself and be perfect too. New York Times
. Retrieved August 1, 2008, from http://www.nytimes.com
Rose, A. J., & Montemayor, R. (1994). The relationship between gender role orientation and perceived self-competency in male and female adolescents. Sex Roles,
, 579–595. doi:10.1007/BF01544281
Salzman, J. P. (1990). Save the world, save myself: Responses to problematic attachment. In C. Gilligan, N. P. Lyons, & T. J. Hammer (Eds.), Making connections: The relational worlds of adolescent girls at Emma Willard School (pp. 110–146). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Schneider, B. H., & Younger, A. J. (1996). Adolescent-parent attachment and adolescents’ relations with their peers: A closer look. Youth & Society,
, 95–108. doi:10.1177/0044118X96028001004
Schumacker, R. E., & Lomax, R. G. (1992). A beginner’s guide to structural equation modeling. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Shulman, S., Elicker, J., & Sroufe, L. A. (1994). Stages of friendship growth in preadolescence as related to attachment history. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships,
, 341–361. doi:10.1177/0265407594113002
Smolak, L., & Munstertieger, B. F. (2002). The relationship of gender and voice to depression and eating disorders. Psychology of Women Quarterly,
, 234–241. doi:10.1111/1471-6402.t01-1-00006
Spence, J. T., Helmreich, R., & Stapp, J. (1975). Ratings of self and peers on sex role attributes and their relation to self-esteem and conceptions of masculinity and femininity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,
, 29–39. doi:10.1037/h0076857
Sroufe, L. A., Carlson, E., & Shulman, S. (1993). Individuals in relationships: Development from infancy through adolescence. In D. C. Funder, R. Parke, C. Tomlinson-Keasey, & K. Widaman (Eds.), Studying lives through time: Personality and development
(pp. 315–342). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRef
Theran, S. A. (2008). The impact of level of voice on girls’ relationships and well-being. Manuscript submitted for publication.
Thompson, J. M., & Hart, B. I. (1996). Toronto, Ontario Patent No. APA Annual Convention.
Tolman, D. L., Impett, E. A., Tracy, A. J., & Michael, A. (2006). Looking good, sounding good: Femininity ideology and adolescent girls’ mental health. Psychology of Women Quarterly,
, 85–95. doi:10.1111/j.1471-6402.2006.00265.x
Tolman, D. L., & Porche, M. V. (2000). The adolescent femininity ideology scale: Development and validation of a new measure for girls. Psychology of Women Quarterly,
, 365–376. doi:10.1111/j.1471-6402.2000.tb00219.x
Turner, P. J. (1991). Relations between attachment, gender, and behavior with peers in preschool. Child Development,
, 1475–1488. doi:10.2307/1130820
Way, N. (1995). “Can’t you see the courage, the strength that I have?”: Listening to urban adolescent girls speak about their relationships. Psychology of Women Quarterly,
, 107–128. doi:10.1111/j.1471-6402.1995.tb00281.x
Way, N., Cowal, K., Gingold, R., Pahl, K., & Bissessar, N. (2001). Friendship patterns among African American, Asian American, and Latino adolescents from low-income families. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships,
, 29–53. doi:10.1177/0265407501181002
Wehner, E., & Furman, W. (2000). The Behavioral Systems Questionnaire. University of Denver, unpublished manuscript.
Weinfield, N. S., Ogawa, J. R., & Sroufe, L. A. (1997). Early attachment as a pathway to adolescent peer competence. Journal of Research on Adolescence,
, 241–265. doi:10.1207/s15327795jra0703_1